1.Toyota Motor Corporation
1.2Organizational Structure and Key Players
2.Learning and Reinforcement Concepts
4.Leadership theories and concepts
5.Influence of power and politics on an organization
6.Strategies for improving organizational communication and work performance Conclusions
1. Toyota Motor Corporation
Toyota Motor Corporation, or Toyota in short, is a Japanese automaker. It is the world's second largest automaker behind General Motors [http://www.hino.co.jp/e/pressrelease/press.htmhl]; however it ranks first in net worth, revenue and profit. It is also the only car manufacturer to appear in the top 10 of the BrandZ ranking. The company was founded in 1937 by Kiichiro Toyoda as a spinoff from his father (Sakichi Toyoda)'s company Toyota Industries to create automobiles. In 1934, while still a department of Toyota Industries, it created its first product Type A engine and its first passenger car (the Toyota AA) in 1936. It is headquartered in Toyota, Aichi and Bunkyo Tokyo, Japan. It also provides financial services through its division Toyota Financial Services and also creates robots besides automobiles. The company along with the original Toyota Industries form bulk of the Toyota Group. Toyota owns and operates Toyota, Lexus, Scion, has a majority shareholding in Daihatsu Motors [http://www.toyota.co.jp/en/about_toyota/overview/index.html], and has minority shareholdings in Fuji Heavy Industries, Isuzu Motors, and the engine, motor cycle and marine craft manufacturer Yamaha Motors. The company includes 522 subsidiaries. Toyota plans to produce 9.4 million vehicles in 2007. It plans to sell 10.4 million automobiles in 2008, which would be the first time an automaker has sold more than 10 million vehicles in a year. Toyota Motor Corporation operates in the automotive industry worldwide. It engages in the design, manufacture, assembly, and sale of passenger cars, recreational and sport-utility vehicles, minivans and trucks, and related parts and accessories. The company offers hybrid vehicles primarily under the Prius brand, which run on a combination of gasoline and electric power. Its products also comprise conventional engine vehicles, including subcompact and compact cars consisting of Corolla sedan and Yaris brands; mini-vehicles, passenger vehicles, commercial vehicles, and auto parts; mid-size models comprising Camry, Mark X, Premio, Allion, Blade, and Avensis brands; and luxury models encompassing Lexus, Crown, and Century limousine. In addition, Toyota offers sports and specialty vehicles, which include Lexus SC430 and Scion tC brands; recreational and sport-utility vehicles and pickup trucks that comprise Tacoma and the Tundra pickup trucks, as well as 4Runner, FJ Cruiser, Highlander, Land Cruiser, RAV4, Sequoia, and Sienna; minivans and cab wagons that primarily include Alphard, Sienna, Estima, Hiace, Regius Ace, Noah, and Voxy, as well as Wish, Sienta, and Isis brands; trucks consisting of large trucks with a load capacity of over 10 tons, medium trucks with a load capacity between 4 and 8 tons, and small trucks with a load capacity of between 2 and 4 tons; and buses, including large to medium buses used primarily as tour buses, public buses, small buses, and micro-buses. Further, the company provides finance to dealers and their customers for the purchase or lease of Toyota vehicles. Additionally, it engages in the design and manufacture of prefabricated housing and information technology-related businesses, including intelligent transport systems and an e-commerce marketplace, called Gazoo.com. Through out the year's Toyota's products has been successful in building the reputation of reliability and fuel-efficiency (Masaki, Hisane. 2006), high and homogenous quality regardless of place of production. The corporation aims to minimize the necessary support that comes from Japan...