Tourettes

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"Tourette's Syndrome is not the end of the world. We all suffer in some ways; some of us suffer more then others. But before you complain about your problem, think of people who suffer more than you do. Think of what you gain from experience, you learn to be a far more caring individual."

Tourette's syndrome is an inherited, neurological disorder characterized by repeated involuntary movements and uncontrollable vocal sounds called tics. Tourette's Syndrome affects all ages and is prominent during childhood development and adolescence. Symptoms of Tourette's syndrome usually appear before the individual turns 18 years old. More males than females are diagnosed with Tourette's. Tourette's interferes with a person's motor function and causes the individual to perform semi-voluntary physical movements called tics. Tics are involuntary, rapid, repetitive, and stereotyped movements of individual muscle groups. Tics are divided into two categories, simple tics or complex tics. Simple tics are sudden, brief movements that involve a limited number of muscle groups. Some examples of simple tics are throat clearing, sniffling, barking, coughing, yelling, animal sounds, eye blinking, head turning, shoulder jerking, and flexing fingers. Complex tics are distinct, coordinated patterns of successive movements involving several muscle groups. Some examples of complex tics are repeating parts of words or phrases, talking to oneself, assuming different intonations, and using obscene words. Although it is not clear what causes this disorder, scientist have speculated that there is an abnormality in the genes affecting the brain's metabolism of neurotransmitters such as dopamine that trigger the tics. Tics are controlled by medication, but many medications pose serious heath hazards for the patient because they can have unusual side effects. An example of these medication types is the neuroleptic. Neuroleptics are the most effective of any drug in the treatment of...
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