‘In a totalitarian world, conformity is necessary for survival.’ Discuss.
George Orwell’s political parable, 1984, portrays an oppressive and dictatorial government, which thereby presents to the reader a palpable sense of danger and malevolence born out of the creation of a counter utopic totalitarian regime. Orwell’s nihilistic creation of Oceania, presents a world wherein every aspect of private and public life is abhorrently regimented and regulated by the autocratic ‘Big Brother’. The whole population at large is forced to conform to the ideals and beliefs of the tyrannical ‘party’ as a means of not only survival but also a means of being able to live an unabated existence. The party opposes all forms of individuality and independent though thereby ensuring that any potential uprising or usurpation is a fight that is fought alone. Orwell’s protagonist, Winston Smith, conforms externally so that on the outer he seemingly maintains adherence to the doctrines of big brother but ultimately the internal forces of his defiance are too great and he commits the ultimate offense; ‘thought crime’.
The Party’s is ultimately concerned with the inculcation that ‘the object of power is power’. Through technology the Party create an omnipresent and ubiquitous feeling that ‘big brother is watching you’. Winston succumbs to the Party’s ‘absolute control’ through their various techniques to obtain conformity and obliterate the individual thought. The ever present and vigilant telescreen’s all over Oceania (which persistently monitor the ‘facial expressions’ and ‘body language’ of all citizens) represent constant surveillance thereby resulting in the eradication off: the individual and collective thought, familial bonds, memories of the past and the primal human bonds of love and loyalty. Through Winston’s dogmatic explanation that ‘thought crime does not entail death; thought crime is death’ we can see that the Party causes inherent adherence and attachment to Big...
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