Islamic Studies Project
Most Sacred Mosques in the World
Akash Daniel Jamal
Masjid Ubudiah is Perak's royal mosque, and is situated in the royal town of Kuala Kangsar, Malaysia. Masjid Ubudiah Mosque is the Malaysia's some of most beautiful mosques, the Masjid Ubudiah (or Ubudiah Mosque) has golden dome and minarets creating a spellbinding sight, from near and afar. The mosque was designed by Arthur Benison Hubback, a government architect .This Masjid was built in 1917 during the reign of the 28th Sultan of Perak, Sultan Idris Murshidul'adzam Shah. It was commissioned on the orders of the Sultan, who vowed that he would build a mosque of great beauty as thanksgiving for recovery from an illness which plagued him in those early days. The construction of the mosque was not without difficulties. Work was interrupted several times, once when two elephants belonging to the sultan's and Raja Chulan were fighting and ran over and damaged the imported Italian marble titles. Its architecture is in the Indo-Saracenic style. Besides that, the Makam Al-Ghufran or a Perak royal mausoleum is located near the mosque. The Ubudiah Mosque was built during the British Occupation of Malaysia, hence, it is known as the colonial mosque, which is architecturally different from the other type of mosque that is not built during the colonial period. The architectural details of the Masjid Ubudiah, Kuala Kangsar are influenced by the Mughal-Gothic architecture or similar with the Moorish architecture. From the features of the onion (bulbous) shape dome to the Minaret design, all are inspired and influenced by the Mughal-Gothic architecture. But there are some differences between the Mughal-Gothic and the Moorish architecture. For Mughal-Gothic architecture, the style are much into having ornamental applied in the style and design; as for the Moorish Architecture, they had slightly different in using the ornamental into the design as example, the Moorish architecture has carved the organic pattern on the facade of the builing, meanwhile the Mughal-gothic architecture has simple facade of like alignment of the stripes. The floor plan of the Ubudiah Mosque was originally an octagonal shape before it amended in 1993. The floor plan was unique and unusual for the typical mosque in Malaysia. Hassan II Mosque
The Hassan II Mosque or Grande Mosquée Hassan II (Arabic: مسجد الحسن الثاني; nickname: "Casablanca Hajj" (colloquial, micro blogging and social networking language) is a mosque in Casablanca, Morocco. It is the largest mosque in the country and the 7th largest in the world. Its minaret is the world's tallest at 210 metres (689 ft.). Completed in 1993, it was designed by Michel Pinseau and built by Bouygues. The minaret is 60 stories high topped by a laser, the light from which is directed towards Mecca. The mosque stands on a promontory looking out to the Atlantic Ocean, the sea bed being visible through the glass floor of the building's hall. The walls are of hand-crafted marble and the roof is retractable. A maximum of 105,000 worshippers can gather together for prayer: 25,000 inside the mosque hall and another 80,000 on the mosque's outside grounds. The mosque rises above the Atlantic Ocean. The building is built partially on land and partially over the ocean. This siting was accomplished by creating a platform linking a natural rock outcrop reclaimed from the sea where a swimming pool had previously been located. Two large breakwaters were also built, to protect the mosque from the erosive action of the ocean waves, which can be up to 10 metres (33 ft.) in height. Apart from the mosque, other structures in the area are a madrasa (Islamic school), hammams (bathhouses), a museum on Moroccan history, conference halls, and a very large library said to be the "most comprehensive in the Islamic world. The garden around the mosque is well tended and is a popular location...
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