Tok Is Capital Punishment Justified?

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Is capital punishment justified?

This is something that has been effectively an area of debate not only legally, but morally, ethically, economically, and philosophically for decades. Capital punishment is defined as The lawful infliction of death as a punishment for committing capital crimes such as rape and third degree murder; More commonly referred to as “the death penalty”. The area of contention arises when discussing whether or not it is ethical to inflict death upon a human being regardless of the severity of his or her actions. I am going to explore this question in detail and provide three arguments for and against the use of capital punishment. I will also include various counter arguments to balance out the individual arguments. I will also make references to the TOK diagram at certain points by connecting reason and language as ways of knowing and the areas of knowledge will be ethics and psychology which lies in the human sciences. However, before I begin: for all intents and purposes I would like to state that all examples and hypothetical situations provided to support my arguments will be situated in the United States as this is where capital punishment is of the utmost importance considering the size of the country and that 38 states currently have it as a punishment. Furthermore, I would like

Beginning with arguments in favour of capital punishment:

1 – Capital punishment is the best deterrent against capital crimes. If someone fears that they will be killed if they murder someone, it will most likely prevent them from doing so or at least make it much less attractive and hopefully discourage them from committing the murder. This is because all organisms have one thing in common which is the unmatched willingness, determination, and perseverance to preserve their own life. Also known as the survival instinct. Therefore, if someone knows they will be killed if they commit a capital crime, they will not commit the crime due to the fear...
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