1) The Coexistence of Good and Evil
Scout and Jem childhood innocence àconfront evil
Tom Robinson and Boo Radley not prepared for evil & destroyed. Jem's faith in justice and in humanity damaged, and he retreats into a state of disillusionment. Atticus has experienced evil without losing his faith in the human capacity for goodness. Shows Jem and Scout possible to live with conscience without losing hope or becoming cynical. Admires Mrs. Dubose's courage even while deploring her racism. Scout's progress as a character in the novel is defined by her gradual development toward understanding Atticus's lessons, culminating when, in the final chapters, Scout at last sees Boo Radley as a human being 2) The Importance of Moral Education
Story charts Scout's moral education, and the theme of how children are educated at the end of the book, Scout even says that she has learned practically everything except algebra Atticus devotes himself to instilling a social conscience in Jem and Scout - ability to put himself in his children's shoes. Teachers unsympathetic to children or morally hypocritical - Miss Caroline's rigid commitment to the educational techniques - ineffective and even dangerous. 3) Prejudice & Tolerance
Social hierarchy of Maycomb
Finches stand near the top
Ignorant country farmers like the Cunninghams below
White trash Ewells below the Cunninghams.
Black community below even the Ewells,
Rigid social divisions irrational and destructive. For example, Scout cannot understand why Aunt Alexandra refuses to let her consort with young Walter Cunningham. Lee uses the children's perplexity at the unpleasant layering of Maycomb society to critique the role of class status and, ultimately, prejudice in human interaction. 4) Others
Men & Women
Religion & Morality
Individual & Community
1. The Radleys, welcome anywhere in town, kept to themselves, a predeliction unforgivable in Maycomb. They did not go to church, Maycomb's principal recreation 2. The shutters and the doors of the Radley House were closed on Sundays, another thing alien to Maycomb's ways: closed doors meant illness and cold weather only. 3. Ladies wore corsets, men wore coats
4. Profane language in the presence and hearing of a female 5. If the judge released Arthur, Mr Radley would see to it that Arthur would give him no further trouble. Knowing that Mr Radley's word was his bond, the judge was glad to do so 6. The doors of the Radley house were closed on weekdays as well as Sundays, and Mr Radley's boy was not seen again for fifteen years 7. He said Atticus never talked much about the Radleys: when Jem would question him Atticus's only answer was for him to mind his own business and let the Radleys mind theirs 8. Jem received most of his information from Miss Stephanie Crawford, the neighbourhood scold, who said she knew the whole thing. According to Miss Stephanie, Boo was sitting in the living Room cutting some items from the Maycomb Tribune to paste in his scrapbook. His father entered the room. As Mr Radley passed by, Boo drove the scissors into his parent's leg, pulled them out, wiped them on his pants, and resumed his activities. 9. Jem figured that Mr Radley kept him chained to the bed most of the time. Atticus said no, it wasn't that sort of thing, that there were other ways of making people into ghosts 10. From the day Mr Radley took Arthur home, people said the house died. 11. Stephanie Crawford said she woke up in the middle of the night one time and saw him looking straight through the window at her
said his head was like a skull lookin'at her. 12. He walks like this- Jem slid his feet through the gravel
I've seen his tracks in our back yard many a mornin'
I heard him scratching on the back screen' .
Jem gave a reasonable description of Boo; Boo was about six-and-a-half feet tall, judging from his tracks; he dined on raw squirrels and any cats that he could catch, so that's why his hands...
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