Titanic Tragedy

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  • Topic: RMS Titanic, Harland and Wolff, Iceberg
  • Pages : 60 (2056 words )
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  • Published : May 19, 2013
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Who
 was
 responsible
 for
 the
 loss
 of
 life
 with
 the
 sinking
 of
 the
 Titanic?
 
By
 Rebecca
 Gutteridge
 Year
 9
 

  RMS
 Titanic,
 so
 called
 the
 ‘unsinkable
 ship’,
 became
 the
 largest
 maritime
 disaster
 in
 history
 when
  she
 hit
 an
 iceberg
 on
 her
 maiden
 voyage
 through
 the
 North
 Atlantic.
 Much
 indecision
 surrounds
 the
  blame
 circle
 of
 the
 sinking
 of
 the
 largest
 vessel
 ever
 built
 and
 there
 are
 many
 theories
 which
 divide
  experts
 even
 today.
 However
 many
 believe
 it
 is
 an
 accident
 which
 could
 have
 been
 averted.
 I
 believe
  that
 a
 combination
 of
 factors
 are
 at
 fault.
 
  Harland
 and
 Wolff
  Harland
 and
 Wolff
 had
 difficulty
 finding
 enough
 workers,
 and
 in
 an
 effort
 to
 save
 money
 employed
  poor
 riveters
 from
 small
 forges;
 the
 work
 needed
 was
 very
 skilled
 and
 each
 rivet
 was
 hand
 crafted.
  In
 the
 British
 inquiry
 Harland
 and
 Wolff
 were
 accused
 of
 importing
 less
 rivets
 than
 were
 needed
 and
 
  sub-­‐standard
 iron
 to
 save
 money.
 The
 rivets
 used
 for
 the
 majority
 of
 the
 ship
 were
 only
 crafted
 from
  iron
 which
 is
 weaker
 than
 steel
 –
 considered
 state
 of
 the
 art
 at
 the
 time.
 Only
 the
 central
 hull
 used
  steel
 rivets
 as
 wrought
 iron
 was
 easier
 to
 work
 by
 hand.
 The
 iceberg
 ripped
 along
 the
 hull
 which
  pinpoints
 that
 even
 the
 strongest
 rivets
 were
 not
 a
 match
 against
 the
 force
 of
 the
 collision.
 Recent
  scientific
 analysis
 of
 rivets
 found
 in
 the
 wreckage
 showed
 that
 the
 iron
 rivets
 contained
 large
  amounts
 of
 molten
 slag,
 which
 would
 have
 made
 them
 weak
 and
 brittle
 causing
 the
 heads
 to
 crack
  on
 impact;
 therefore
 weakening
 Titanic’s
 resistance
 against
 the
 iceberg.
 However
 the
 velocity
 of
 the
  impact
 was
 predicted
 at
 1
 million
 tonnes
 per
 second
 which
 although
 cannot
 be
 proven
 I
 think
 would
  have
 fatally
 damaged
 even
 a
 modern
 ship
 as
 the
 recent
 sinking
 of
 the
 Costa
 Concordia
 shows.
 So
 I
  think
 this
 is
 not
 the
 cause
 of
 the
 ships
 sinking.
 
  Environmental
 factors
  The
 shipping
 lane
 Titanic
 took
 on
 the
 night
 crossed
 the
 Labrador
 Current:
 a
 very
 cold
 band
 of
 water
  which
 carried
 icebergs
 from
 Greenland
 along
 the
 North
 Atlantic.
 Between
 November
 1911
 and
  Titanic’s
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