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FABRICATION OF FLOOR TILE USING SAWDUST, RICE STRAW ASH AND CLAY AS RAW MATERIALS

MONICA P. ABADINES

A RESEARCH PROPOSAL SUBMITTED TO ENGR. MIRRIAM P. BANLAWE,
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, WESTERN
PHILIPPINES UNIVERSITY, ABORLAN, PALAWAN IN
PARTIAL FULFILLMENT TO THE REQUIREMENT
IN METHOD OF RESEARCH
(RESEARCH 101)

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

OCTOBER 2012
CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Economic housing increases in demand as the world population is stepping-up, especially in third-world countries. This situation leads in finding new raw and construction materials. Tiles are building materials used as finishing products and designed to cover floors and walls. A very ancient manufactured product, tiles are still used today in the most modern and advanced applications, but this material is expensive. That’s why the researcher wants to study about the low cost tile using sawdust, rice straw ash and clay as raw materials for fabrication of this tile. This research is subjected to floor tile.

Sawdust or wood dust is a by-product of cutting, grinding, drilling or otherwise pulverizing wood with a saw or other tool; it is composed of fine particles of wood (Wikipedia, 2012). This will be used as admixture in the study.

Rice Straw Ash is rich in silica, and a by-product of burning of rice straw. Silica is known to be very effective in enhancing the strength and durability of concrete.

Clays are distinguished from other fine-grained soils by differences in size and mineralogy. Clay is one of the oldest building materials on Earth, among other ancient, naturally-occurring geologic materials such as stone and organic materials like wood. It is contain a large proportion of iron and alumina which is nearly equals to silica (Wikipedia, 2012). And this will be used by the researcher as a binder.

A tile is a manufactured piece of hard-wearing material such as ceramic, stone, metal, or even glass. And floor tile as researcher’s focus is typically set into mortar consisting of sand, cement and often a latex additive for extra adhesion (Wikipedia,2012).

Significance of the Study

This study entitled “Fabrication of Floor Tile using Sawdust, Rice Straw Ash and Clay as raw Materials” can be used as basis for the proper fabrication of floor tile using raw materials mentioned.

This research can be help in reducing waste materials and can be also provide information on using alternative material for fabrication of floor tile. It will be also give an additional source of income.

This study will help the researcher in developing her self-confidence and patience to finish her study and reach her objectives. Last, she will learn in this study; conducting engineering material testing in determining desired quantity and evaluation of the data to be collected.

Statement of the Problem

The main problem of this study is how to produce and fabricate a very good floor tile using sawdust, rice straw ash and clay as raw materials. This will seek to answer to the following questions:

1. What is the ratio of sawdust, rice straw ash and clay to produce strong and durable floor tile?

2. What is the thermal conductivity and water absorption of the floor tile?

3. What will be the cost of the floor tile?

Objective of the Study

The general objective of the study was to fabricate floor tile using sawdust, rice straw ash and clay as raw materials.

Specific objectives

1. To determine the physical properties of the floor tile

2. To determine the compressive strength of the floor tile

3. To determine the thermal conductivity and water absorption of the floor tile

4. To evaluate the production cost

Scope and Limitation

Sawdust, rice straw ash and clay will be from Palawan. Testing of fabricated floor tile will be...
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