Theories of Democracy
Date: 27 July, 2012
The study on theories of democracy is interested but complicated to practice in political situation in Myanmar. Because there have been changed the dictatorship government to the democratic government in the past years, it political and Human Rights rose such as released many political prisoners, allow forming the labor union and the right to strike and let the opposition National League for Democracy to register and to participated in the Parliament. Based on that the fundamental Human Rights in Myanmar is turn to the positive sign. But after the case of Rohingya, who’s suffering Human Rights abuses by the government declared themselves as the ethnic minority of Myanmar and government should grants for the citizenship. The whole International Communities, International Medias and International Non-Government Organization are come out with the same voice so-called Human Rights issue and signed a petition letter to the President of Myanmar to grant the Rohingya to recognize as a citizenship. Base on the 1982 constitution, the only who are third generation that lived in Myanmar for long time ago grant for the citizenship. The problem of the census and the immigration originally from Bangladesh, there are very difficult to recognize who are migrated from Bangladesh and who are living in Myanmar in generation. Even the pro-democracy leaders and the 88 generation leaders (the student leaders who strike for democracy and human rights in 1988) are denied the Rohingya as a citizen of Myanmar. Because if the government grant as a citizen there are many problem will occur among the ethnics leaders and Member of Parliament. The present problem with the Rohingya is not only the civil rights issues; it also affected the sovereignty of Myanmar and decision of the people in Myanmar.
Human rights have become very important in international politics in current years. D’Anieri, P (2012) wrote Norms concerning human rights are changing, as are norms concerning the relative weight of human rights oppose state sovereignty. It is directly connected with the Rohingyas case in Myanmar. On one hand is human rights issue and one hand is the sovereignty of the country. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted in 1948 after World War II. In democratic society, the basic Human Rights are very important for the people. UDHR is declaration and it is not a treaty, but it absolute rights that every individual is presumed to possess. Minority Rights adopted in 1992, it’s mentioned the minority group to take pleasure its own culture, religious and practice their own language without discrimination. The nations also have to consider for the minority group when they are create or repair the law, programs and policies. The minority groups also have to encourage peaceful relations between majorities as well. Many Human Rights are complicated and because it is declaration, if the states have make the international treaty and lack to protect the rights or fail to do so, international community can point out and give the pressure to the government. According to the Westphalian system, states control their own territory and citizens, on the other hand Human Rights believe that people have rights that state cannot deny and must protect. 1982 Myanmar National Law is basically based on the principle of identifies on three categories, full citizens, associate citizens and naturalized citizens. History Background
Myanmar is a Union of 135 ethnics groups included 8 major ethnics groups, such as Kachin, Kayah, Karen, Chin, Burma, Mon, Rakhine, and Shan. These ethnics groups are living in their own areas speak their own languages and they practice their own culture. Myanmar was occupied by the...