“Medicine is the science and art of healing.”(6)
In modern societies, medicine is used every day to cure and prevent illnesses. There are three different types of medicine, these being Western Scientific, Complementary Alternative (CAM) and Traditional Medicine (TM). Western Scientific is the “modernised” medicine which involves “health science, biomedical research and injury and disease, typically through medication, surgery or some other form of therapy” (6). Complementary Alternative Medicine is considered as a healing practice “that does not fall within the realm of conventional medicine of that which has not been shown consistently to be effective.”(7) Complementary Alternative medicine is often “opposed to evidence based medicine and encompasses therapies with a historical or cultural, rather that scientific, basis.”(7) Traditional medicine is medicine based on beliefs and traditions that have been passed down for generations and these “compromise medical knowledge systems that have developed over generations within various societies before the era of modern medicine.” The differences between these medicines are that Western Scientific is
“Depression is a psychiatric illness characterized by profound and persistent feelings of sadness, despair and/or worthlessness that interfere with daily functioning and personal relationships.” (12) Depression is a disorder that can affect people either slightly or dramatically, by affecting how they feel or think and how they see themselves and their lives. Depression can be cured by health practices such as Anti-depressants, Yoga and Acupuncture.
Yoga is a health practice that has been practiced in India for thousands of years and has now become popular around the world (1). It is known as a gentle form of exercise consisting of body postures and breathing techniques.