In this paper, the author will try to compare the logos of Heraclitus and Jesus. Heaclitus is one of the most famous Greek philosophers. Some theologians said that God prepared his incarnation philosophy by Heraclitus. The apostle John also used this logos philosophy to teach the gospel of Jesus to those who were influenced by Heraclitus’ philosophy.
In this paper, therefore, the author will mention first the life of Heraclitus and his philosophy. And then the comparisons to Jesus will be drawn. The reader will see clearly the some similar between Jesus and logos of Heraclitus, moreover, some parallel also will be seen
The Life of Heraclitus
Hreraclitus is the Greek philosopher. He was born at Ephesus about 540 B.C., and spent his early years traveling in the civilized world and Africa. About 513 B.C., he returned to Ephesus, where he declined the Post of chief magistrate. He was a member of the Ionic school of philosophy, although he was different from it in many important points. Heraclitus has been called the father of metaphysics. He died, probably in Ephesus about 475 B.C.
The best remember for his famous poetic metaphor is that no one can step into the same river twice. Heraclitus seems to have written only one book, which apparently consisted of series of epigrammatic remarks. The book was deposited in the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus. Although Heraclitus’ book is lost, about 120 short fragments have survived in the texts of later authors, who quoted him, often in order to scorn his ideas.
His life is little known. No Greek philosopher born before Socrates was more creative and influential than Heraclitus of Ephesus.
The Philosophy Teaching of Heraclitus
According to Heraclitus, all things come into being according to logos and are flux or changes; contrary to what sense data might indicate at times, nothing is permanent. But every thing is becoming constantly something else or going out of existence . Heraclitus is supposed to say that all things are in motion and nothing rest. He compares them to the flowing if a river, and say that we cannot step into the same river twice because waters are flowing on. Heaclitus uses the river as a metaphor to describe the nature of things: superficially a river may appear to be a permanent and stable entity, but closer inspection reveals that it continually changes, not being the same river from one moment to the next.
Some people may think that they see thin g that do not change, but for Heraclitus, they are fooled. If they could see really what is happening, if they had eyes powerful enough to see exactly what is happening, they would realize that even the most stable thing in the universe is actually changing all the time. The universe, then, is ruled by the strife. All tings are changing all the time, and there is nothing permanent.
Logos is the principle according to which al ting change, that which determines the nature of the flux the resides in all human beings. Logos is common to al human beings, because al posses reason or logos , although they may not make much use of it. The statement that ‘All things happen according to this logos’ should probably be interpreted to mean that I n flux. The same logos common to all human beings gives order to the cosmos. This, no doubt, accounts to the fact that the flux is not random, but exhibits eternal regularity and predictability. The logos posed by a human beings is actually universal logos or mind. In that there is an intelligence at work amidst all the flux, which is identical to human intelligence is a manifestation of this.
Heraclitus identifies the logos with fire. Logos is not the immaterial principle, sprit permeating matter. Moreover, fire is not only the intelligence present in the flux, but actually is that of which all things consists. Heraclitus believes that fire was the original stuff of which all else in the universe was made. He believes, fire is forever...