The Similarities and Comparisons in Community Psychology and Public Health to Social Problems.

Topics: Sociology, Psychiatry, Public health Pages: 4 (1109 words) Published: June 24, 2013
The similarities and comparisons in Community Psychology and Public Health to Social Problems.

Contents:

1. Introduction…………………………………………………………………..Page 3.

2. Historical Background…………………………………………………….Page 3.

3. The different Approaches/Models to social problems……Page 3.

3.1. Community Psychology…………………………………………...Page 3. 3.1.1. Mental Health Model………………………………………Page 3. 3.1.2. The social Action Model………………………………….Page 3.

3.2. The Public health approach………………………………………Page 4. 3.2.1. Sanitary Science approach………………………………..Page 4. 3.2.2. Social Medicine…………………………………………………Page 4. 3.2.3. Community Health……………………………………………Page 4. 3.2.4. The New Public Health- Sociological Model………Page 4.

4. The similarities between community psychology and the Public health approach……………………………………………………Page 4.

5. The differences between community Psychology and the
Public health approach……………………………………………………Page 4.

6. Conclusion………………………………………………………………………Page 5.

1. Introduction
To answer the question of what are the similarities and differences between community psychology and public health to social problems. We will have a brief look at the historical background of both community psychology and public health to gain an understanding of how they came to be. We will then look into the models and/or approaches to both community psychology and public health and see how they compare and contrast with one another. 2. Historical development

In the United States of America, Community Psychology was largely influenced by mental health reform movements. The three movements that were most influential led to the developments of particular types of institutions were: Therapeutic mental hospitals in the ‘Moral Treatment’ era in the early 1800`s, Child Guidance Clinics in the ‘Mental Hygiene’ era in the early 1900`s, and Community Health Centres in the ‘Deinstitutionalisation’ era in the 1960`s. These movements were the...
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