Reading and Writing Level 4
April 14, 2009
Table of Contents
2The History of Cosmetic Surgery
3The Trends of Cosmetic Surgeries
4The Risks of Cosmetic Surgery
Throughout recorded history, a pale complexion has nearly always been more fashionable than a tan complexion because pale skin represents a woman who does not have to labour outdoors. So, most non-white women probably wanted to be whiter and they sometimes underwent cosmetic surgery to make themselves attractive. Every woman expects to appear to be young and vibrant, and many have turned to cosmetic surgery to achieve their goals since women have had the notion that beauty is all that their matters in life. As a result of that, the demand of cosmetic surgery is increasing so that cosmetic surgery has become one of a huge business in beauty industry. Everyone who lives in a civilized age can easily find plenty of advertisements touting the best procedures performed by the best doctors through advertisement sections of newspaper and magazines. Most patients who have received cosmetic medical care have turned out well, but the rate of serious and fatal complications is rising and the risks to future patients growing. Consequently, the side effects or complications of cosmetic surgery will show how cosmetic patients can take care of themselves after undergoing operations, and will discuss what kind of preventions for the complications there are.
The History of Cosmetic Surgery
Cosmetic surgery has a long history that continues to evolve to this day. Dr. Paul Schnur of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons [ASPS] notes that it first began in the eighth century by physicians in ancient India. They were using skin grafts for reconstructive surgery. It was also common for them to perform rhinoplasty, due to barbaric rituals of cutting off noses and upper lips of one’s enemies (2009). Schner reports that the United States first plastic surgeon was Dr. John Peter Mettauer who was born in Virginia in 1787. He performed the first cleft palate operation with tools designed by himself. Dr. Mettauer studied medicine in Philadelphia. He also founded a private medical school, which became the first medical department in a school. In addition, at the end of World War I, the high number of shattered faces which were rebuilt by new cosmetic surgery procedures was recorded by the press in order to restore hope among soldiers. At the same time, plastic surgeons began to realize that cosmetic surgery procedures could also be used to enhance beauty (Snodgrass, 2006). Over time, additional procedures were developed to include body contouring techniques such as breast augmentation, liposuction, and tummy tuck, in addition to facial surgeries.
The Trends of Cosmetic Surgery Procedures
There are many options when it comes to the types of cosmetic surgery procedures a person can have performed. Body contouring, breast surgery, and facial surgery are well-known. There are also non-surgical procedures that are very popular such as Botox, laser hair removal, and laser skin resurfacing. According to Mayo Clinic, surgeries performed in 2007 were mainly undergone to women with a ninety one percentile. Men had the other nine percent. The top surgical procedure performed on women was breast augmentation and the second one was liposuction. The top non surgical procedure was Botox. For men, the top surgical procedure was liposuction with eye lid surgery being second. Their top choice for non surgical procedures was Botox, and laser hair removal was second.
Cosmetic Surgery was once treated as a forbidden subject. It was mostly not discussed or announced. Today, cosmetic surgery has become one of the most popular trends in the world. Surgery has also become more reasonable for everyone. There is no question that celebrities have influence on the trend as huge role models....