The Science Behind Drugs

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you drink, the greater the health risks.

what is a drug?- A drug is any chemical you take that affects how your body works. for example Alcohol, caffeine, aspirin and nicotine are all drugs. A drug must be able to pass from your body into your brain. Once inside your brain, drugs can change the messages your brain cells are sending to each other, and to the rest of your body. They do this by interfering with your brain's own chemical signals: neurotransmitters that transfer signals across synapses. how do they affect you?- there Are many different types of drugs and they all have different effects on your mind and body. ACID (LSD) - this is a hallucinogenic which makes people see here and experience the world differently they can cause colours to become exaggerated and sounds become distorted. Users may also become panicky and suffer from paranoia. The effects of acid can last 12 hours or more. the long term effects consist of flashbacks, psychosis or paranoia, believing or seeing things that aren’t really there. CANNABIS – the short term effects of people who smoke cannabis are it can make it difficult to remember things, even if they’ve only just happened. It can cause anxiety attacks or feelings of paranoia and confusion and delusions. COCAINE – the short term effects of Cocaine is that it makes you feel high, confident and full of energy. But this can turn into feelings of anxiety, panic and paranoia. Users of cocaine can end up feeling tired and depressed. ECSTASY- Ecstasy is a stimulant with hallucinogenic effects that makes you feel relaxed and high, But people who are already feeling anxious or who take high doses can have bad experiences of paranoia or feeling 'out of it'. Regular use may lead to sleep problems, lack of energy, drastic weight loss, depression or anxiety. People can become psychologically dependent on the feelings of euphoria and calmness that ecstasy gives them. HERION- Heroin and other opiates slow down the body’s functions and therefore stop both physical and emotional pain. Users find they need to take more and more herion to get the same effect, or even feel ‘normal’. Taking a lot can lead to coma or even death Heroin is psychologically and physically highly addictive. The withdrawal from heroin is really unpleasant. Long-term heroin users are often depressed because of their overall lifestyle. Coming off heroin can be very difficult. Speed Speed can quickly make you feel energetic and confident but also panic, irritability and a paranoid sense that everyone is looking at you. Smoking a version of speed called methamphetamine can give an intense and prolonged high. Steroids pump up muscle mass with users becoming physically violent and sexually abusive. Steroids can make sleep difficult and cause confusion, depression and paranoia. They can lead to psychological dependence, where people become convinced they cannot perform well without the drug. WHAT IS ADDICTION?- Addiction is when you do something that is you feel is impossible to stop or control it’s an impulse that you feel dependent on you feel the compulsion to take part in the addiction mostly when it’s not allowed a great example is smoking aspects of addiction have a physiological basis related to how the substance acts on the brain (in the case of cigarettes, it’s the effects of nicotine that the person craves) and a psychological aspect relating to the reasons for taking the substance (such as smoking to improve concentration or be part of a social group).

what is a drug?- A drug is any chemical you take that affects how your body works. for example Alcohol, caffeine, aspirin and nicotine are all drugs. A drug must be able to pass from your body into your brain. Once inside your brain, drugs can change the messages your brain cells are sending to each other, and to the rest of your body. They do this by interfering with your brain's own chemical signals: neurotransmitters that transfer signals across synapses. how do they...
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