The Role of Women During the ‘30’s
The 1930s were dominated by one of America’s greatest economic crises and during this time millions of Americans suffered. Unemployment was common, seniors lost their life savings when banks collapsed, schools shut down and children went uneducated. During this time, women's roles were mostly as homemaker and in the workplace remained traditional. Women were viewed as caretakers of the home, or working jobs such as nurses and teachers. Only 24.3 percent of all women in the United States were employed at that time, as most were taking care of their families. When the Great Depression hit, women were viewed as money grubbers, because they were 'taking' jobs from men who needed the jobs to support their families. Politically speaking, although women were given the right to vote, they were not informed on current events, therefore were pretty unaware. The women’s roles were to clean, mend, and cook. Women who were widowed or divorced, or whose husbands had deserted them really struggled to keep their families afloat. If a woman was single, they had to fend for themselves. They would take in other people’s laundry to make ends meet. Like men, they suffered from the economic depression and poor working conditions. The typical woman in the 1930s had a husband who was still employed, although he had probably taken a pay cut to keep his job. If the man lost his job, the family often had enough resources to survive without going on relief or losing all its possessions. Women experienced the Depression differently based on their age, status, location, race and ethnicity. For example, the 1930s urban housewife had access to electricity and running water, while her rural equivalent usually struggled with the burdens of domesticity without such modern conveniences. Only one in ten farm families in 1935 had electricity. Farm families also struggled with declining agricultural prices, foreclosures, and in the Midwest,...
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