The Role of the Local Government in Poverty Alleviation-Case Study Malawi

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The Role of the Local Government in Poverty Alleviation

Case study in Blantyre District, Malawi

1. INTRODUCTION:

This research has been conducted to investigate the role of the local government in poverty alleviation, in reference to the projects they design and implement and the contribution this makes in the efforts to develop the society as a whole, focussing on the Malawi business capital city of Blantyre.

The following terms have been defined for clarification purposes and to enable a better understanding of the study.

GOVERNANCE: “Governance is the process as well as the result of the making of authorities’ decisions for the benefit of the society”

Bathwall, c.p 2003

LOCAL SELF GOVERNMENT:

“Traditionally associated with local government in England, Wales and German and a principal feature of the English local government system; Very crucial in the idea of the electoral basis of the system which shields it from becoming purely dependent organs of the State”

LOCAL AUTHORITY:

“A system of government controlled by a local council which is authorised by the central government to pass ordinance having a local application, levy taxes or exact labour within limits specified by the government, and vary centrally decided policy applying it locally”

LOCAL GOVERNMENT:

➢ “Refers collectively to administrative authorities over areas that are smaller than a state. The term is used to contrast with offices at nation-state level, which are referred to as the central government, national government, or (where appropriate) federal government.”

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.html accessed on the 14-05-2010.

➢ “A political sub-division of a nation or a state in a federal system which is a constituted by law and has substantial control over local affairs including the power to impose taxes or exert labour for prescribed purposes.”

The United Nations documentary on Public administration

DECENTRALIZATION:

➢ “Refers to the transfer of government functions and power to both agents and units of the government in any given country”

DECONCETRATOIN:

➢ “The delegation of authority adequate for the discharge of specified functions to staff of central departments who are situated outside the head quarters”. Alderfer (1967) adds that it is the transfer of power to subordinate authorities whether offices, individuals or units.

DEVOLUTION:

➢ “The legal instrument conferring of power to discharge specified power upon formally constituted local authorities.” Local governments can therefore, be classified as a deconcentration. Local governments that have devolution of power are more likely to be more autonomous than local governments that are deconcentrated.

FIELD AGENCY:

“Any sub-organization, department, administrative agency or ministry that operates outside the headquarters”

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT:

“The process by which the efforts of the people are united with those of the authorities of the government to improve economical, social, political and cultural conditions of communities and ultimately integrate these communities into the life of the nation to enable them to contribute fully towards national development”

INVESTIGATE:

➢ “Carry out a systematic or formal inquiry into (an incident or allegation) so as to establish the truth.”

➢ “Make a search or systematic inquiry”

➢ “Carry out a research into (a subject)”

Concise Oxford Dictionary, 10th Edition, Oxford University Press.

➢ “Carry out a systematic or formal inquiry to discover and examine the facts of (an incident, allegation etc) so as to establish the truth”

➢ “carry out research study into (a subject, typically one in a scientific or academic field) so as to discover the facts or information”

Webster’s University Dictionary, Office Edition, Houghton Muffin Company

➢ “to look for evidence,...
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