The Great War 1914-1918 was universally destructive. The effects of these were seen in many areas, as in the destruction of human life and property, and in the political, social and economic fields. The evolution of capitalism and progress in the scientific spheres were also important consequences. It is estimated that in the four years of war, some eighty lakhs of people were killed and as many wounded. Some 8-10 lakh people were reported missing. In most countries, after this Great War, monarchy came to an end. Democratic Governments were established in these countries. The authorities recognized the people's rights. Lot money was spent in this war. After the Great War, the prices of articles went up. Starvation stalked the world. The government restricted the price of the commodities. Huge taxes were imposed on people. Many mills and factories were established. The workers launched movements for the recognition of their rights. Almost all countries were so heavily burdened that for years together their path of progress remained impeded. This war also had important social consequences. There was progress in the sphere of women. Even European Christianity had no impact on the Great War. For politics came to eclipse religion. All known religious dogmas were shattered. This apart, narrow-minded radicalism was given up and a sense of fraternity was born in the people. http://www.pinkmonkey.com/studyguides/subjects/euro_his/chap4/e0404601.htm he First World War shattered the European political order. An entire generation of young men had perished in brutal trench warfare. The German, Russian and Austro-Hungarian Empires ceased to exist, and numerous national groups that had previously been under their control seized the chance to declare independence. The Allied Powers Britain and France, though victors, were exhausted and nearly bankrupt. The United States, which had kept Britain and France from collapsing by sending both armies and financial assistance, rapidly withdrew itself from European affairs after the conflict was over. Russia was convulsed by revolution, as Lenin's Bolshevik movement seized power and launched unrelenting hostilities against the economic "exploiters" of capitalism. Germany was forced by the Treaty of Versailles to take the blame for the war, to pay massive reparations to the victorious Allies, and to cede territory to France and a restored Poland. The Bolsheviks briefly invaded Poland in 1920 but were defeated by Polish armies. The Austro-Hungarian Empire collapsed, with Czechoslovakia seceding, and other territories going to Poland, Serbia (which would become part of Yugoslavia), Italy, and Romania. These changes were made permanent in September 1919 by the Treaty of Saint-Germain, which also gave Yugoslavia the Austrian Adriatic Fleet. Bulgaria ceded small strips of territory to Romania, Yugoslavia, and Greece. Most devastating, though, was a massive influenza outbreak that started on the front lines and spread throughout the world, carried by soldiers returning from the war. This outbreak killed more people in more countries than the war itself. http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/World_History/Effects_of_the_First_World_War by Bill Purkayastha, 1 January 2009
| For any understanding of the developments of world history in the past century, one needs to know about the First World War, because this is the one event which shaped virtually everything that came after it.The first thing about the First World War is, of course, that it was the most unnecessary war in history (at least until the Iraq invasion, which, as I shall discuss, was a result of the First World War as well).Back in 1914 the world was carved up between the imperialist powers. The few small countries that were suffered to exist independently, such as Liberia, Siam (modern Thailand), or Nepal, were colonies in all but name, maintained as buffers or allowed liberty since it was simply too much trouble to rule them directly. There was...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document