The Real ID Act
New Mexico State University
What is the Real ID Act of 2005? The Real ID Act of 2005 is Division B of an act of the United States Congress titled Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Tsunami Relief, 2005 (Wikipedia). The Real ID Act has been talked about for many of years but with the terrorist attack on September 11, 2001, more politicians thought now is the time to really push it again. The Real ID Act is intended to deter terrorism and make America safer. The Real ID Act will implement the following: 1. Establish national standards for state-issued driver's licenses and non-driver's identification cards. 2. Waive laws that interfere with construction of physical barriers at the borders. 3. Update and tighten the laws on application for asylum and deportation of aliens for terrorist activity. 4. Introduce rules covering "delivery bonds" (like bail bonds but for aliens who have been released pending hearings); 5. Fund some reports and pilot projects related to border security; and Change visa limits for temporary workers, nurses, and Australian citizens. (Wikipedia)
September 11, 2001 should not have spawned the Real ID Act to be taken into action.
The Real ID Act of 2005 is going to be hard to implement. The Real ID Act of 2005 requires the states to do a lot of the work. To get around the first obstacle the federal government is going to have to control of the project. The federal government is going to have to be the project manager. The Real ID Act of 2005 also requires the linking of the driver license to a database, but the Real ID Act does not make this a requirement. This is going to be one enormous ERP software rollout. SAP or Oracle will definitely have to be involved or at least consulted with for this project. This is going to be a bumpy rollout unless everyone agrees to it and the federal government makes a few changes to the Real ID Act. The United States current population is around 303,409,698. This is a huge database that will continue to grow with the population. A lot of the states have already rejected The Real ID Act.
The Real ID Act does not give specific guidance on how to implement it. The individual state may choose what to implement. Each state is allowed to choose whether to use biometrics, fingerprints, iris images, or any other biometric data. The state may even choose other biometric data to obtain a license. The Real ID Act does not specify the use of Radio Frequency Identification Technology (RFID). This has also been left up to the individual states. The Real ID Act does specify the use of a 2-D barcode that is already used in 46 states. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is working on the encryption method of the data stored on the card. The only requirement made by the Real ID Act is the 2-D barcode, and 46 out of 50 states already do this. The Real ID Act dictates that all states must comply by May 2008. Why fight something that you are already doing?
The Real ID Act does propose a rule that does not specify precise designs or layouts of state issued licenses. Instead, DHS is proposing minimum standards that will appear on the face of the card. The proposed regulation would require each of the following on the face of REAL IDs; space available for 39 characters for full legal name; address of principal residence; digital photograph; gender; date of birth; signature, document number; and machine readable technology. Additionally, temporary REAL IDs would need to clearly state that they are temporary. Non-REAL IDs issued by compliant States would need to clearly state on their face that they are not acceptable for Federal official purposes and use a unique design or color that clearly distinguishes them from REAL ID licenses. Passports are going to be outfitted with Radio...
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