The Raven

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annotatedThe Raven 
By Edgar Allan Poe 
Published on January 29, 1847 
Complete Text With Annotation and Endnotes by Michael J. Cummings Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,............[meditated, studied]  Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore,....................[archaic, old] [book of knowledge or myths]  While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,...............[example of alliteration]  As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door....................[bedroom or study]  "'Tis some visitor," I muttered, "tapping at my chamber door-   Only this, and nothing more."...................................................................  Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December,.......................[internal rhyme]  And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor...........[glowing wood fragment in fireplace] [formed ash]  Eagerly I wished the morrow; vainly I had sought to borrow.....................[next day]  From my books surcease of sorrow—sorrow for the lost Lenore-..............[an end, a pause, a delay]  For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore-   Nameless here for evermore.  

And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain.......................[example of alliteration]  Thrilled me—filled me with fantastic terrors never felt before;....................[unreal, imaginary; weird, strange]  So that now, to still the beating of my heart, I stood repeating,   "'Tis some visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door-..... ...............[begging, pleading for]  Some late visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door;-   This it is, and nothing more."  

Presently my soul grew stronger; hesitating then no longer,   "Sir," said I, "or Madam, truly your forgiveness I implore;.........................[beg, ask for]  But the fact is I was napping, and so gently you came rapping,   And so faintly you came...
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