Topic:The Rastafari Movement
General Purpose:To inform.
Specific Purpose:To inform the audience about the general history of The Rastafari Movement and to eliminate possibly misconceptions about the movement. Thesis:The Rastafari movement is a positive movement that promotes peace amongst all, self-respect, self -awareness, and respect for others. I. Introduction
a. Attention Getter: Is anyone here familiar with the term Rastafarian? Could you provide some terms that come to mind when you think about Rastas? b. Reason to Listen: Unlike the popular negative conceptions, Rastafarianism is actually a movement that promotes positivity. c. Thesis statement: The Rastafari movement is a positive movement that promotes peace amongst all, self-respect, self -awareness, and respect for others. d. Credibility statement: I am of Jamaican and Rastafarian decent, and my family belongs to the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church. e. Preview of Main Points:
1. First, I will discuss the brief history of Rastafarianism. 2. Secondly I will discuss Rastafarianism beliefs and cultural values. 3. Finally, I will discuss popular misconceptions of Rastafarianism. II. The Rastafari movement is a positive movement that promotes peace amongst all, self-respect, self -awareness, and respect for others. f. The Rastafari Movement was started in the 1930s in Jamaica by a group of “political rebels” 1. Haile Selassie, who ruled from 1930-1974, is viewed as either Jesus incarnate, the second Advent, the reincarnation of Jesus, God the Father, and, to some, simply a saint sent here to do God’s works. a. He was regarded as God incarnate because he religiously worked towards establishing world peace and the brotherhood of mankind. b. Rastas are generally distinguished for asserting the doctrine that Haile Selassie is another incarnation of the Christian God, referred to as Jah. c. The name Rastafari is taken from Ras Tafari, which is the pre-reignal title of Haile Selassie I. d. While some view Selassie as the second coming of Jesus Christ on earth, others fele he is simply God’s chosen king on earth. Throughout this movement, he is often referred to as His Imperial Majesty (H.I.M) e. Selassie’s death is sometimes reported as a hoax, while others feel that his death fulfills the prophecy of the bible.
4. The members of the movement are referred to as Rastas or Rastafari f. The Rastafari movement was founded by Leonard Percival “Gong” Howell in 1932. He was born in the hills of Clarendon Jamaica in 1898 g. The movement itself is at times referred to as Rastafarianism, however, rastas find the term to be derogatory and offensive, as many rastas are critical of “isms”. They feel that isms are a typical part of what they refer to as Babylonian culture. h. It proclaims Africa as the original birthplace of mankind. Its central theme since the beginning of the movement is the call to repatriation to Africa. 5. Rastafari is not a highly organized religion. It is a movement and an ideology. i. Believers of the faith often claim that it is not really a religion, but more of a “Way of Life” j. They also embrace Afrocentric and Pan-African social and political aspirations such as the sociopolitical views and teachings of Jamaican publicist, and black nationalist Marcus Garvey. k. Today, the movement has spread throughout much of the world, largely through the popularity of reggae music, primarily due to the major international success of the late Bob Marley.
Now that I’ve briefed you on the history of the Rastafari Movement, I will now discuss some of the cultural values of the Rastafari movement. g. The Rastafarian...