Railway in Hong Kong in general means a train service for carrying people and cargo in Hong Kong Territory and also crossing the Hong Kong and Chinese border to or from Mainland. Trains were first steam hauled in the past, then diesel trains replaced steam trains and of course nowadays in the 21 century, all the trains have been electrified. According to our history railway service have been providing to Hong Kong citizens for more than hundred years with the first Peak Tram opened in 1888, Hong Kong Tram opened in 1904, KCR train opened in1910.
In the 21 century the two most popular railway services are the two major groups of railway lines: The Kowloon-Canton Railway (KCR) and Mass Transit Railway (MTR). At first, only KCR provided transportation service from Kowloon Peninsula areas via Shatin, Tai Po to Sheung Shui and Lo Wu at New Territories. Afterwards, with the growing and spreading of population in the city, the MTR joined in to the provide passenger transportation service in urban areas like from Tsim Sha Tsui at Kowloon to Tsuen Wan at New Territories.
Later on there was the development of Hong Kong Island Line i.e. from Chai Wan, North Point and Wanchai to Central. Later on the KCR further provide Light Rail Train service for people living in Tin Shui Wai and Yuen Long. In the year 2004 the West Rail started to provide new service to residents of the North West New Territories since there were growing population in new towns such as Tuen Mun, Yuen Long and Tin Shui Wai. This was a new link between North West New Territories with West Kowloon urban areas.
Another important railway transportation service you can find in Hong Kong is that there are direct railway lines from Hong Kong to Lo Wu, at Shenzhen. With the rapid economic development in Mainland China nowadays we can take direct train to further away Mainland cities such as Dongguan, Foshan, Guangzhou, or...