The Racial Divide Among Monoracial and Biracial Americans
While the main purpose of racial segregation is to separate humans into racial groups in daily life, the aim of American racial segregation holds a deeper meaning that is still thriving in modern America. The long time segregation between black and white America which divided the two groups based primarily in regards to skin color and finally class for over 400 years has now found a new a subject to objectify, bi-racial individuals. These individuals, born to one white and one black parent in America, have felt the tensions that exist between their monoracial white and black counterparts, however, they have not been fully recognized by or as a part of either racial group. They are often regarded as not black enough to be considered ‘truly black’ by black Americans. Or since they have an ounce of black blood they are thus considered black by white America. “This conceptualization was historically grounded in the culturally sanctioned one-drop rule (Davis, 1991), which stated that an individual with one drop of black blood automatically became a member of the black race” (O’Quinn 1). This paper will provide historical background as to the emergence of the biracial community in America and argue strongly the issues surrounding the biracial experience including identity crisis and the “need for the reclassification of person with one black and one white parent as biracial” (Makalani, 1). The monoracial child, either black or white, growing up in America has a much easier time of identifying with their natal race than that of a biracial child. Not only does the child identify with the race and its issues but it is also recognized as a member of the race by other member and by onlookers. For example, a monoracial black person is considered a member of the black race by both black and white people; the same is true for members of the white race. White Americans set the social standard and experience what...
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