The Psychology on Intelligence

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 80
  • Published : February 7, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
The psychology of intelligence has rapidly developed over the years, but it still has quite a long way to go. Intelligence is controversial topic due to tests being “unfair” in a certain group of people’s perspectives. The intelligence myths are easy to disprove if one is able to obtain the factual evidence. Intelligence is not as black and white as it used to seem: different forms of intelligence, intelligence tests, hereditary differences, environmental differences, gender differences, and ethnic differences all prove the previous statement. Intelligence is the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations (Myers 219). Charles Spearman constructed an idea called general intelligence; Spearman believed that general intelligence covered all the aspects of everything that one does. He also believed that if an individual does well on a part of an intelligence test, then that individual is also going to score above average on other sections of the intelligence test (Myers 219). Howard Garner’s belief that is widely used today disagrees with Spearman’s view. Garner believed that intelligence is a vast number of abilities that come in different packages. A great example to prove Garner’s theory is a person who has suffered a traumatic accident (Myer 219). John went out skiing. He decided not to buckle his seatbelt, and then he tragically fell off the ski lift as it was dropping him at the top of the hill. He immediately had to be rushed to the hospital. John made it out with minimal injuries, but, sadly, he suffered brain damage. Now, John is not able to remember most of the math principles he learned in his Geometry class years earlier; however, his language and musical ability are completely unaffected. Garner’s rule of multiple intellectual abilities in different clusters is illustrated with John’s accident. Savant syndrome is also a way to express Garner’s theory. A savant is incredibly intelligent in one aspect of life, such as art. This savant is not able to perform simple mathematic operations, though. Some of this can be because some savants have autism, but many famous savants have been without autism and still had difficulties with seemingly menial tasks. Kim Peek is a famous savant who had the ability to read and remember a page in several seconds. That was surprising to people because Peek could hardly button his shirt (Myers 219). Peek took things very literally, as well. His father asked him to lower his voice, and Peek promptly slid down in his seat to make his voice at a lower level to appease his father (Myers 219). Garner believed that general intelligence was too unspecific. “A general intelligence score is like the overall rating of a city—which tells you something but doesn’t give you much specific information about its schools, streets, or nightlife” (Myers 220). People surveyed with academic success were also shown to later have job success, thus proving that general intelligence does have some relevance (Myers 220). Success is not as easy to obtain as it might sound. One must be dedicated enough to the cause. “ Success has two ingredients: can do (ability) and will do (motivation)” (Myers 220). Herkimer is a bright young psychology scholar with limitless opportunity due to his natural intelligence and charisma. Herkimer’s ability is one to be envied. He has grown weary after his previous three years of college. He has the ability to be a world-renowned psychologist, but he is motivation is severely lacking. Herkimer decides to stop going to his classes because he would rather sit at home and play Call of Duty with his friends. He is then put on academic probation because of his now failing grades. Herkimer is very insulted that the school would dare put such a bright young man such as him on academic probation, so he decides to remove himself from the school to teach the institution a lesson. He ends up living with his parents for the rest of his life...
tracking img