306-313 Construction of the Basilica of Maxentius
333 Construction of Old St. Peter’s in Rome
337 Conversion of Emperor Constantine to Christianity
391 Christianity made the state religion of the Roman Empire 476 End of the Roman Empire
Ca.530 St. Benedict’s Rule written
612 Monastery of St. Gall founded
800 Charlemagne coronated as Holy Roman Emperor by the Pope in Rome 816-17 Synod in Aachen
Ca.820 Ideal plan for the Monastery of St. Gall drafted
Monastery: A monastery is a building or collection of buildings in which monks live. Basilica: A basilica is a church that is rectangular in shape and has a rounded end. St. Benedict: Italian monk who founded the Benedictine order about 540 (480-547) Nave: The nave of a church is the long central part where people gather to worship. Apse: a domed or vaulted semicircular or polygonal recess, esp at the east end of a church. Cloister: A cloister is a covered area around a square in a monastery or a cathedral. Westwork:
Dormitory: A dormitory is a building at a college or university where students live. Refectory: A refectory is a large room in a monastery or other institution, where meals are served and eaten.
1. cloister, church, refectory, and dormitory The First of these areas was that of the claustrum, or monastic enclosure round the cloister – the cut-off world composed of dorter to the east, refectory to the south, and cellar to the west. This shut-off area of peace to the south of the church is balanced by asecond area to the north of the church that was open to the world. The remaining two areas are those of the domestic buildings, in which the craftsmen and menials lived, in their workshops and alongside the animals, and for the sick and the novices behind the church, i.e. those no longer or not yet bound to observe the strict life of the Rule. 2. Claustra (cloisters) St. Benedict twice uses the word claustra in his rule. He makes it clear that no one can...
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