The Place I Like Best in the Country

Topics: Telephone, Mobile phone, Telephone exchange Pages: 2 (514 words) Published: March 12, 2013
A telephone, or phone, is a telecommunications device that converts sound into electronic signals suitable for transmission via cables or other transmission media over long distances. First patented in 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell and further developed by many others, the telephone was the first device in human history that enabled people to talk directly with each other across large distances. It rapidly became indispensable to businesses, government, and households, and it is now among the most widely used appliances in thedeveloped world. The word telephone has been adapted into the vocabulary of many languages. It is derived from the Greek: τῆλε, tēle, farand φωνή, phōnē, voice, together meaning distant voice. The essential elements of a telephone are a microphone (transmitter) to speak into and an earphone (receiver) which reproduces the voice of the distant person. In addition, most telephones contain a ringer which produces a sound to alert the user when a telephone call is coming in, and a dial used to enter a telephone number when initiating a call to another telephone. Until approximately the 1970s most telephones used a manual rotary dial, which was superseded by the modern Touch-Tone push-button dial, first introduced by AT&T in 1963. The receiver and transmitter are usually built into a handset which is held up to the ear and mouth during conversation. The dial may be located either on the handset, or on a base unit to which the handset is connected by a cord containing wires. A landline telephone is connected by a pair of wires to the telephone network, while a mobile phone, such as a cellular phone, is portable and communicates with the telephone network by radio transmissions. A cordless telephone has a portable handset which communicates by radio transmission with the handset base station which is connected by wire to the telephone network. The transmitter converts the sound waves to electrical signals which are sent through the telephone...
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