Background: The Philippine Educational System
The educational framework in contemporary Philippines is guided by philosophical orientations that put primacy on pursuit and information of knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes necessary to make the Filipino a productive member of the society. It is geared towards the pursuit of better quality of life for all Filipinos. This framework also endeavours to harness productive capacity of the countries human resource base towards international competitiveness. The landscape of the Philippine education system is categorized into four, the pre-school education, primary/elementary education, secondary education, and tertiary education. Pre school education is optional and not a requirement. A pupil with the age of six years may enter the primary level which consists of 6 grades. Secondary education that has 4 year level and tertiary education that is consist of vocational education, baccalaureate education that can be continued to master’s degree or even doctorate degree, the highest education attainment. As of today, many studies say that the Philippine educational system is being left behind by other countries. Because of this, the Department of Education became eager to upgrade the educational system of the country, with their goal to produce globally competitive students. In connection with this the government had changed the student curriculum. To improve the current state of education, they added 2 more years in secondary level. This change aims to decrease the number of students who would not continue their college degree and take vocational courses offered by TESDA instead. This change in the educational system and the curriculum is called K to 12. One of the talked about issues about K to 12 is adding sex education to primary and secondary level subjects. Sex education is broad term used to describe education about human sexual anatomy, sexual reproduction, sexual intercourse, and other aspects of...
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