The Oral Tradition and Divisions of the Vedas

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  • Topic: Vedas, Sanskrit, Rigveda
  • Pages : 9 (2533 words )
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  • Published : March 27, 2011
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|The semiotic paradigm: | |implications for tourism research | |Sreehari K.G. | |M.Phil Media Studies | |Reg No: 1034005 | |2/19/2011 | | | | |

|Review of The semiotic paradigm: implications for tourism research |

Contents

THE CENTURY OLD TRADITIONS OF THE VEDAS:3
THE DIVISION OF THE VEDAS:3
THE RIG VEDA4
YAJURVEDA:5
SAMAVEDA:5
ATHARVEDA:6
BRAHMANAS:6
VEDANTA7
PATHAS7
MEMORISATION OF THE VEDAS AND THE TECHNIQUES:8
SOUND AND PRONUNCIATION:8
CONCLUSION:9
BIBLIOGRAPHY:10

THE CENTURY OLD TRADITIONS OF THE VEDAS:

The Vedas and their oral tradition are one of the oldest traditions in history that exists even today. The samhita texts from the early Iron ages at the times of Holmer are fixed dates back to even this day . (Kapoor, 2002)

The Vedas or the “srautas” in their oral tradition have many different ways of recitation. These unique and distinct methods are designed in such a way that memorization of the text and its pronunciation would be deep rooted in the minds of the individuals. This also holds true with the vedic pitch accent.

The four Vedas (Rg, Yayur, Sama and Atharva) have been printed in the forms of various texts in the years before, but the has lost its true essence. The Vedas can only be grasped in their essence only if they are orally recited. Though the various tonal variations have been grasped to an extent, their various accented versus and abstruse melodies and the tonal accents actually require oral transmission. This has also been given focus on in Wayne howards book,”Veda Recitation in Varanasi. (Howard, 1986) He has also stated that they cannot be taken as books though they have been in printed forms over the years. The ultimate authority in the Veda are not the books that are out about them, but a very few and handful members who still continue to keep the tradition alive. They are the true masters and the care takers of this wonderful tradition. This beautiful tradition of veda have also been the recipient of the UNESCO proclamation of “ The master piece of the oral and intangiable heritage of humanity on November 7,2003” (Yusuf, 2007)

THE DIVISION OF THE VEDAS:

The Vedas are canonically divided into four as

1. Rig Veda
2. Yajur veda
3. Sama Veda
4. Atharva Veda

Rig Veda ,Yajur Veda and Sama veda are considered as the original divisions or “the triple sacred science”. This sacred science accounts to reciting rhymes, chanting and performing sacrifices. (fernhout, 1994) The same triplicity is compounded in the Brahmanas as well. Yajur Veda and Sama veda have various yajus, sorcery and speculative mantras apart from their own that are borrowed from Rig veda. (Macdonald, 1979)

There are three forms in which the mantras are pronounced:

1. Ric: these are verses of praise in metre that are intended for loud recitation. 2. Yajus: theses are the mantras that are recited in lower volumes during sacrifices and in proses. 3. Saman:...
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