The Impact of the French Revolution on European Society in Terms of Its Social Thinking

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FACULTY OF EDUCATION AND LANGUAGES

ABXS1103
INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL SCIENCES

THE IMPACT OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION ON EUROPEAN SOCIETY IN TERMS OF ITS SOCIAL THINKING

NAME: NORHAFIZA BINTI OTHMAN
MATRIC NUMBER : 900704145544001
NRIC: 900704145544
MOBILE: 013 6292463
E-MAIL : fieza040790@yahoo.com

TUTOR’S NAME: WAN AMINUDDIN BIN WAN AB. HAMID
LEARNING CENTER: PETALING JAYA

SEPTEMBER 2012

CONTENTS

Content Page

1.0INTRODUCTION3
2.0FRENCH REVOLUTION5
2.1The Impact of French Revolution5
2.2Effect on France6
2.2.1France: The Representative Of Humanity6
2.2.2The Empire of France Became French Nation7
2.2.3End Of Despotic Rule7
2.2.4Written Constitution7
2.2.5Declaration Of Human Rights7
2.2.6Abolition Of Feudalism8
2.2.7Decrease In The Influence Of The Church8
2.2.8Administrative Changes8
2.2.9Re-Organisation Of The Judicial System8
2.2.10Public Works8
2.2.11Changes In The Conditions Of Farmers9
2.2.12Cultural Effects9

2.3Effect On Britain9
2.3.1Effect On Reform Movement10
2.3.2Effect On British Politics10
2.3.3Economic Crises10
2.3.4Influence On Ireland10
2.3.5Effect On Literature10

2.4Effect On Europe11
2.4.1Responses And Reactions12
2.4.2A Phase Of New Wars12
2.4.3Rise Of Concert Of Europe12

2.5Agricultural Revolution12
2.6Industrial Revolution14

4.0CONCLUSION16

REFERENCES17

1.0INTRODUCTION

The French Revolution was started from 1789 until 1799, was a period of radical social and political upheaval in France that had a major impact on France and throughout the rest of Europe. The absolute monarchy that had ruled France for centuries collapsed in three years. French society underwent an epic transformation, as feudal, aristocratic and religious privileges evaporated under a sustained assault from radical left wing political groups, masses on the streets, and peasants in the countryside. Old ideas about tradition and hierarchy of monarchy, aristocracy, and religious authority were abruptly overthrown by new enlightenment principles of equality, citizenship and inalienable rights.

The French Revolution of 1789 had a momentous impact on neighboring countries. The French Revolutionary armies during the 1790s and later under Napoleon invaded and controlled large parts of Europe. Together with invasion came various radical institutional changes. French invasion removed the legal and economic barriers that had protected the nobility, clergy, guilds, and urban oligarchies and established the principle of equality before the law. The evidence suggests that areas that were occupied by the French and that underwent radical institutional reform experienced more rapid urbanization and economic growth, especially after 1850.

The Agriculture Revolution was developed in a distinctive manner that made important contributions to economic growth. By the early nineteenth century, agricultural labour productivity was one third higher in England than in France, and each British farm worker produced over twice as much as his Russian counterpart. Although the yield per acre of grains was no higher in Britain than in other parts of north-western Europe, the region as a whole reaped yields twice those in most other parts of the world.

The Industrial Revolution was a period from 1750 until 1850 where changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology had a profound effect on the social, economic and cultural conditions of the times. It began in Great Britain, then subsequently spread throughout Western Europe, Northern America, Japan, and eventually the rest of the...
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