Achilles emotions in the Iliad
In the book Iliad, by Homer explained the Greek concept of honor. "Honor to the Greeks is something that is won by a man's prowess, his ability to fight and be victorious on the battle field"(Schein 62) in Mortal Hero. Honor was of utmost importance to the Greek people. No man would give up his honor at any cost. No gifts and prizes could be enough to compensate for lost honor and pride. When a man who loses his honor, or feels that he is disrespected he is filled full of anger. And this is exactly what happened with the God like Achilles, when Agamemnon dishonored him. Achilles emotions affected the story, when Agamemnon dishonored him, he killed hector, and when he dishonored hector after his death. As I have said Achilles was dishonored by Agamemnon. Agamemnon was the commander-in-chief of the Achaean (Greek) armies at Troy, and also the king of Troy. So Agamemnon had taken a woman named Chryseis as his slave. Her father Chryses, a priest of Apollo, begged Agamemnon to return her to him. Agamemnon refused and her father prayed to Apollo to help him get his daughter back. Apollo sent a plague amongst the Greeks. The prophet Calchas correctly determined the source of the troubles but would not speak unless Achilles vowed to protect him. Achilles said that he will protect him as long as he is alive and he would not let anyone harm him if he tells him the truth. So Calchas declared Chryseis must be returned to her father. Agamemnon consented, but then commanded that Achilles' battle prize Briseis be brought to replace Chryseis. Angry at the dishonor and at the urging of Thetis, Achilles refused to fight or lead his troops alongside the other Greek forces. She was something he had fought for, and Agamemnon just told him to give it up, while he could've done so himself too. In the last battle between Hector and Achilles was because Hector killed Patroclus. Patroclus was Achilles’s best friend he was not a...
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