World History II
27 November 2012
The Holocaust is one of the worst scenarios of genocide ever known to the world. The Jewish people of Europe were terrorized and slaughtered over a period that lasted nearly two and half years. During that time, nearly eleven million people were killed, including six million Jews. Even though the actual mass killings of the Jews lasted about two and a half years, the planning of this genocide started many years earlier. In order for the world to never experience this tragedy again, we need to look back at the events of the Holocaust and see how the world might be able to prevent this from happening again. None of these events would have happened, if the Nazi Party had not come into power in the first place. After World War I, Germany was left with a republican government that was not suited to the people of Germany since they had never experienced democracy before. The nation in a whole was very disorganized and segregated, which led to many extremist parties forming. The Nazi party was one of these parties, and Adolf Hitler was its leader. After the German republican government collapsed, the Nazi tried to take power, but we’re ultimately defeated. (The Holocaust) After the defeat, Hitler was thrown into prison, which was where he wrote his famous book Mein Kampf, which in English means “My Struggle.” (The Holocaust - Rise of the Nazis) In Hitler’s Mein Kampf he expresses his ideals about Nazi World Domination, and his racist views of the Jews and society. The article “Nazi Germany and the Jews 1933-1939” states, “Hitler realized that he must employ legitimate democratic means in his struggle to seize power.” (The Holocaust) Hitler was a smart individual that knew how to manipulate the minds of other people to his will. So after a couple years of having mediocre representation for the Nazi Party in the Reichstag election, the Nazi Party finally had its chance. One article about the rise of the Nazis states that, “In July 1932, with 230 mandates, they became the largest faction in the House — a political force that made an impact and acceded to power legitimately. President Paul von Hindenburg gave Hitler the mandate to form a government, and Hitler became Chancellor on January 30, 1933.” (The Holocaust - Rise of the Nazis) This was when the Nazi Party got its foothold in Germany, and started to segregate against the Jews. In September 15, 1935 a set of laws was passed by the German parliament in Nuremberg, Germany. The Nuremberg Laws were the start of the anti-Jewish movement in Germany. The first of these laws was called the “Reich Citizenship Law,” (Nuremberg Laws) this law stated that no Jews could be citizens of the Nazi German Reich, and it clarified the definition of the Aryan race. This law also stripped all Jews of their right to vote, so that they no longer had any political say in the Nazi government. The second law was also called the, “Law for Protection and German Blood and Honor.” This law stated that there could be no marriages between Jews and Germans, and that there could be no sexual contact between Jews and Aryans. This law also prohibited Jews from taking in German maids under the age of 45, and Jews could no longer fly the German flag. There was also some public distress about if Jewish German WWI veterans and Jewish politicians were supposed to be treated differently that the other Jews, or if they would get special treatment for their work to the German nation. There was a lot of unrest in the German people around this time about radical Nazis that wanted to put this to an end, and there were anti-Jewish Riots going on. Then Hitler stepped in and said that a Jew is a Jew, no matter what they do. All in all there were eight more Nuremberg Laws put into effect by the Nazi Germans to repress the Jews. (Nuremberg Laws) One of the few things that were extremely effective at making the German people despise the Jews was...