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Rhetorical Analysis of Persuasion
Patrick Henry’s Speech to the Virginia Convention
AP Language and Composition—11th Grade
Teacher Overview
Close Reading

Grammar

Composition

written, spoken, and visual texts

purposeful use of language for effect

written, spoken, and visual products

Genres

Grammar

Prose
Nonfiction
Reading Strategies

Clauses
Dependent/Subordinate
Independent
Usage

Annotation
Determining Audience
Determining Author’s Purpose
Determining Fact and Opinion
Determining Main Idea
Generalization
Inference
Paraphrase
Seminar/Discussion
Summary
Rhetorical Modes of Discourse
Descriptive Mode
Sensory Detail
Expository Mode
Cause/Effect
Comparison/Contrast
Persuasive Mode
Invention
Topics
Modes of Persuasion
Appeal to Logos
Induction/Deduction
Appeal to Ethos
Appeal to Pathos
Arrangement
Introduction
Statement of Facts
Division (Argument)
Proof
Refutation of Opposing
Arguments
Conclusion
Style
Diction
Connotation
Denotation
Syntax
Functional Constructs
Declarative
Interrogative

Rhetorical Modes of Discourse
Expository
Analytical
Rhetorical Analysis

Use and Form of Verbs
Syntactical Structures for
Rhetorical Purpose
Functional Constructs
Declarative
Interrogative
Imperative
Exclamatory
Grammatical Constructs
Compound
Complex
Rhetorical Constructs
Periodic
Balanced
Antithetical
Rhetorical Question
Schemes:
Schemes of Balance
Antithesis
Climax
Parallelism
Schemes of Repetition
Anaphora
Analysis of a Text
Meaning and Effect related to
parts of speech, phrases,
clauses, sentences, and
syntax

Sue Guest, Professional Development Specialist
Language Arts and Social Studies

1

Spring Branch ISD
2004-2005

Rhetorical Analysis of Persuasion
Patrick Henry’s Speech to the Virginia Convention
AP Language and Composition—11th Grade
Teacher Overview
Close Reading

Grammar

Composition

written, spoken, and visual texts

purposeful use of language for effect

written, spoken, and visual products

Imperative
Exclamatory
Grammatical Constructs
Compound
Complex
Rhetorical Constructs
Periodic
Balanced
Antithetical
Rhetorical Question
Paragraphing and Structure
Figures of Speech
Tropes
Metaphor
Extended
Controlling
Rhetorical Questions
Simile
Schemes
Schemes of Balance
Antithesis
Climax
Parallelism
Schemes of
Repetition
Anaphora
Climax
Rhetorical Techniques
Analogy
Contrast
Hypotaxis
Juxtaposition
Parataxis
Rhetorical Shift
Literary Elements
Detail
Imagery
Tone
Literary Techniques
Allusion
Mythological
Biblical
Motif

Sue Guest, Professional Development Specialist
Language Arts and Social Studies

2

Spring Branch ISD
2004-2005

Rhetorical Analysis of Persuasion
Patrick Henry’s Speech to the Virginia Convention
AP Language and Composition—11th Grade
Teacher Overview
Materials and Resources:
Speech to the Virginia Convention—Patrick Henry
Lesson Introduction:
In order to rhetorically analyze Patrick Henry’s Speech to the Virginia Convention, students need to be able to identify the following elements:
His audience and the occasion of the speech
His argument
o His position/Call to action
o His evidence in support of his position
o A determination of whether the argument(s) uses inductive or deductive logic—Appeal to logos
The opposing arguments
o Concession to the opposing arguments
Refutation of the opposing arguments
Appeal to ethos created through rhetorical devices and strategies Appeal to pathos created through rhetorical devices and strategies Assumptions underlying the argument
Fallacies of logic
Time: 3-4 days
Activities (with teacher notes)
In 1775, Patrick Henry introduced a resolution to the Virginia Convention to form the local militia to be prepared to fight the British. The resolution passed by five votes. Read his speech and answer the following questions in order to analyze the persuasiveness of his speech. First,...
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