The History, Use, and Effectiveness of Medicinal Drugs

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The History, Use, and Effectiveness of Medicinal Drugs

I. The History, Use, and Effectiveness of Medicinal Drugs
A. Introduction
(Pg's 1-2) II. Aspirin
(Pg's 3-6)
A. Its Origin
B. Dosages
C. Relative Effectiveness
D. Side Effects
E. Alternate Treatment III. Sulfa Drugs
(Pg's 7-10)
A. Its Origin
B. Dosages
C. Relative Effectiveness
D. Side Effects
E. Alternate Treatment IV. Antibiotics
(Pg's 11-14)
A. Its Origin
B. Dosages
C. Relative Effectiveness
D. Side Effects
E. Alternate Treatment V. Antihistamines (Pg's 15-17)
A. Its Origin
B. Dosage and Use
C. Relative Effectiveness
D. Side Effects
E. Alternate Treatment VI. History, Use and Effectiveness of Vitamins (Pg's 18-31)
and Nutrient Supplements VII. Future Prospects and Trends in Pharmacology (Pg's 32-42) VIII. Recipe
(Pg's 43-44) Endnotes

(Pg's 45-46) Bibliography

(Pg's 47-48)

The science and ambidexterity of treating, diagnosing, and preventing disease is known as the field of Medicine. In ancient times Medicine was a vague field, mostly incorporated with magic and superstition, it was not like our modern medical system of scientific analysis.


Early Amputation Tools Shown here are the contents of a case of amputation instruments dating from about 1800.

Within medicine the most crucial component, besides the professional Doctors,
Nurses and Pharmacologists are the drugs that make it possible for millions of
humans everyday to overpower their ailments. Within the field of Medicine,
Pharmacology is the study and methodology behind the actions of drugs and
their reactions in the human body. Many early treatments didn't actually heal
the patient, but just gave him a slight euphoria from the pain. (Pg 1)

In today's culture, the medicines of our ancestors are now considered to be harmful to oneself and are classified as illegal such as the drugs of marijuana and opium which were key in the Chinese, and Native American medical system. The origin of drugs vary from common plants, (Aspirin, Digitalis, Ergot, Opium, Quinine, Reserpine) to minerals, (Boric Acid, Epsom Salts, Iodine) or synthetic compounds. The difference in a drug from being helpful to being deadly is all in the dosage, which is determined by the amount of the drug that is found in the blood, this process is known as Serum Monitoring. The risk-to-benefit ratio of drug use is also extremely important, a drug could totally help one ailment but in turn cause another such as the drug niridazole, which helps schistosomaisis but is known to cause cancer. Even the national government has some control over the regulation of drug use. Proprietary drugs are sold over the counter and promote less addiction that Ethical drugs which can only be obtained legally by a written prescription by a registered doctor. Jurisdiction of illegal drugs which produce a strong addiction is given to the Drug Enforcement Administration of the U.S. Department of Justice. The most important article about doctor prescribed drugs is that the doctor is aware about other drugs in which the patient is taking, because one drug alone may be helpful but administered with another could cause adverse side effects preventing recovery for the patient.

ASPIRIN

1"Acetylsalicylic acid, commonly known as aspirin is one of the most widely used analgesics in the world". Used by Ancient Greeks and Native Americans it was used to reduce fever and pain and could also be used as an anti-inflammatory agent. It interferes with tissue contractions of the prostaglandin's which are chemicals involved in the production of inflammation and pain. It modifies the temperature-regulating portion of the brain, dilating blood vessels in the skin and...
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