The Green Revolution had many causes and consequences from 1945 to the present. One cause of the Green Revolution would be the growth of mechanization and population. Another cause would be poor land conditions and the high rate of famine. Consequences of the Green Revolution would be competition, reduced genetic diversity, water shortages, and changes in lifestyle.
The growth of industrialization and of the population were one cause of the Green Revolution. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2005, wheat yields in Mexico increased about 3,500 yields per hectare of wheat, and about 2,400 yields in India, from the year 1950 to 2010. During these years, mechanization continued and made it easier to plant and harvest, which caused such an increase. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2005 also shows that the world population and food supply were almost equal most of the time between 1800 and 2000.From approximately 1925 to 1950, there was not enough food to accommodate the population. From 1950 to 2000, There was more food than the population needed, but it is predicted that by 2050, the amount of food will decrease a bit to almost equal the population. (Doc. 1, Doc. 2)
Poor land conditions and high rates of famine are another cause for the Green Revolution. Harry Truman stated in his inaugural address in 1949, that more than half the people of the world were living in conditions approaching misery, with inadequate food and being victims of disease. He proposed the spread of the United State’s “technological knowledge” in order to help them realize their hopes for a better life. Dr. Norman Borlaug, in his Nobel Lecture of 1970, stated that the land is tired, worn out, depleted of plant nutrients causing the crop yields to be low and near starvation level. He said that the Green Revolution was their hope for the future. (Doc. 3, Doc. 4)
The Green Revolution also brought competition. Chidambram...
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