The Great Gatsby and the Lost Generation

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BJTU’s Course Thesis
for
History and Anthology of American Literature

The Great Gatsby and the Lost Generation

| Institute:| School of Languages| |
| Major:| English| |
| Student:| Chen Haoxiang| |
| Reg. No.| 10321004| |
| Tutor:| Dr. Zhang Junxue| |

June 08, 2012
The Great Gatsby and the Lost Generation
By Chen Haoxiang

Abstract:
The Great Gatsby is regarded as the most widely taught and widely read American literary classic. A classic is a work that continues to be read and becomes part of the equipment of educated people long after its willing or unwilling readers still know the things that the author knew. The conflicts between the old value and the new value had a great impact on Fitzgerald, which were demonstrated in the Great Gatsby as the basement of the corruption of the American dream. Lost Generation is a literature school original in American in the twentieth century. Lost Generation refers to the generation after the World War I. Meanwhile, it also refers to the young writers who lived as expatriates in Western Europe for a short time. The Lost Generation is also called the Sad Young Man by F. Scott Fitzgerald in his book which describes the disillusioned younger generation after the First World War. This thesis, based on the knowledge and discussion in the course of History and anthology of American literature, analyzes what the Lost Generation was like in the novel The Great Gatsby, and finally to draw a conclusion about why Gatsby a representative figures of the Lost Generation.

Key words: The Great Gatsby, the Lost Generation, the American Dream, love, F. Scott Fitzgerald

1. An over view of The Great Gatsby
The Great Gatsby is a novel by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald. The book was first published in 1925, and it has been republished in 1945 and 1953. There are two settings for the novel: on Long Island's North Shore, and in New York City. The book is set in 1922 from the spring to the autumn.

2.1 Backgrounds of The Great Gatsby
All great novels are great social history. F. Scott Fitzgerald was a social realist and a social historian, but his technique was not reportorial. He transmuted actual people, places, and events into fiction. Fitzgerald was concerned with evoking the sense of time and place associated with his characters’ behavior. The material of his writing was recognizable in 1925 and identifiable now. he selected details for their power to generate reader confidence in the story and the characters. Accuracy for its own sake is essential; but Fitzgerald was much more concerned with the evocative power of detail. Thus the list of the people who attended Gatsby’s parties includes no actual figures; yet their names and the impressionistic descriptions convey an overview of a social order at a certain point in American history.

1.2 Brief introduction of The Great Gatsby
The Great Gatsby is the story of millionaire Jay Gatsby as told by Nick Carraway, a Midwesterner who lives on Long Island but works in Manhattan. Gatsby’s enormous mansion is adjacent to Carraway ’ s modest home. Nick learns that Gatsby is in love Daisy Buchanan, Nick’s cousin and the wife of Tom Buchanan, an acquaintance of Nick’s from Yale. Gatsby and Daisy had once been in love, but Daisy married Tom while Gatsby was in Europe during the Great War. In the aftermath of this, Jay Gatsby abandoned his old identity and amassing a fortune through bootlegging and other “shaddy” activities. Gatsby chose the site of his house in Long Island because it was across the bay from Daisy’s house. He lead a extravagant lifestyle and dazzling parties every weekend ,which are simply the attempts to impress and allure Daisy to come . Nick manages to get Gatsby and Daisy together, and while the meeting is awkward at first, Gatsby soon relaxes and invites Nick and Daisy back to his mansion. Gatsby and Daisy begin to see each other secretly with some frequency. Nick and...
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