A little essay about the reasons and the outcomes of
The American Revolution, the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution.
Katharina Brummer Björk
In order to achieve this essay I found help in three different books. The first book, "A History of World Societies" by the authors McKay, Hill and Buckler, was my primary source. It is a history book of 1800 pages which thoroughly explain the basis of almost all societies. I believe that it is commonly used at universities to teach history. They only thing that I could be skeptic about is that its copyright 1992, which may seem out of date. But in consideration to the task, I see this as a minimal problem.
The second book I received great information from was the classical National Encyclopedia. I feel that this is a reliable source to seek information from. I believe that this encyclopedia was also dated at 1992, but like I said before, I reckon that information from 92 is just as valuable as information from recent times when speaking of these great revolutions.
The third source I used was "The World's History" by Howard Spodek. This is a source I only used for gathering information for myself to get a clearer picture of the revolutions. I did not cite anything from "The World's History" in my essay although it has helped me but a lot of puzzle pieces together in my head.
I used one Swedish source in this essay although I did not cite from it. It was "Vår Världs Historia" by Åke Holmberg. This book gave me some ideas to what the revolution did for the worlds history and it was a nice contrast to all the oversized books in English.
The definition of a Revolution according to the National Encyclopedia is a fundamental change, often over a short period of time. Politically the word was first used during the Glorious Revolution of England in 1688. However, there are three other major revolutions during the time period 1688 1789 that this essay will shed light on. The American Revolution, the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution are all important revolutions of its time and the outcomes are still present today. The American Revolution and the French Revolution root in a dissatisfaction of the people while the Industrial Revolution is more of a result of new technology. So what do the outcomes of these three revolutions have in common? They all resulted in a shift of power which leads to a sudden change of fundamental basics which can be referred to as one of the first step of democracy.
The era of liberal revolution began in the New World. The thirteen British North American colonies revolted against their home country and succeeded in establishing a new unified government. What triggered the American Revolution was actually a squabble over increased taxes. The British government had fought and won the Seven Years' War in Europe which led to a doubling of the British national debt. In 1765 the government pushed through Parliament the Stamp Act. The effort to increase taxes was a way to tighten the empire, after all, heavier stamp taxes hade been collected for the last two generations in Great Britain. All the Americans were asked to do was to pay a little bit of their defense costs which was small in comparison with other countries. As the fury of the Stamp Act controversy grew it revealed that there was much more involved than just taxes, the key question was more political. Who should represent the colonies and who had the right to make laws for the Americans? Americans had long exercised a great deal of independence and gone their own way. No powerful church existed and personal freedom in questions of religion was taken for granted. The up rise developed in the revolutionary war in which France supported the Americans. On the 4th of July, 1776, the Second Continental Congress adopted the Declaration...