The Environmental Effects of Exercise

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Running Head: Environment’s effect on Exercise

How do environmental factors affect exercise on individuals? Emily Connelly
Missouri Valley College
2011

Submitted in partial fulfillment of the
Bachelor of science degree in exercise science to
Mrs. Lyndi Fuemmeler, Instructor Ex 335

Table of Contents
Introduction3
Introduction Statement3
Statement of Problem3
Purpose of Study3
Research Question3
Limitations3
Summary4
Literature Review4
Introduction4
Exploring the physiological effects of higher altitudes on Exercise………………………….....5 Prevention and Treatment of AMS...............................................................................................7 Physiological Responses to Heat.................................................................................................7 Negative Effects of Not Acclimatizing to the Heat and Humidity............................................7 Importance of Acclimatization to Colder Weather Exercise........................................................7 Summary8

Research Design9
Introduction9
Demographics9
Research Design and Methodology10
Instrumentation10
Data Collection Procedures11
Summary11
Works Cited13

Chapter 1: Introduction
Introductory Statement:
It is important for athletes to know whether training in certain environments is safe and efficient for their health. Temperature and altitude can danger their lives and performing to the best of their abilities may be hindered due to the environment.

After researching the effects of the temperature and altitude on the exercise of trained individuals, I decided to put the research to the test and see the real outcomes based on change in heart rate, neurological functioning, respiration, muscle glycogen, and dehydration Statement of problem:

Olympic athletes and many other athletes go to excessive means to train for events. It is important for athletes to be educated on the means that could be hurting them in the long run, even though giving them an immediate advantage. Purpose of Study:

By changing the research into an action plan, athletes will now be more aware of the danger or positive results of training in various environments. Research Question:
Is it healthy to for the individual to train at extremely high/low altitudes and temperatures? Do the costs outweigh the benefits? Limitations:
The study was limited to twelve athletes of similar aerobic ability and strength. The control group was the six different environments, high temperature, low temperature, normal temperature, high altitude, low altitude, and normal altitude. Two athletes did the experiment at each separate environment. Definition of Key Terms

Real-world problem: The issue that athletes don’t know the effects of training in different environments. Pre-Test: Different tests are administered before the athletes go to their assigned environment. Post-Test: The same tests administered before to the athletes are given directly after the exercise each day and results are compared at the end of five days. Summary:

Athletes are administered various tests before competing in their assigned environment and then again after and the results from before and after are compared to determine the effects of different altitudes and temperatures on the exercise of the athletes to determine which environments are beneficial to train in and which are not. Chapter 2: Literature Review

Introduction:
The altitude at which an individual is training at has vast effects on his or her performance doing the activity. Different altitudes affect the heart, lungs, muscles, sleep patterns, hydration levels, appetite, and the neurological well being of the athlete. In the past, dating back to 37 BC, Chinese people noticed that, when hiking, they developed intense headaches varying from which mountain they climbed. As the mountains grew, so did their headaches. Researchers, over the years, have analyzed and...
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