The Effectiveness of Extensive Reading Course at the English Department, State University of Malang, in Cultivating the Student’s Reading Strategies CHAPTER II
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
2.1 Extensive Reading
The term "extensive reading" was originally used by Palmer (1917, quoted by Day and Bamford, 1997) to distinguish it from "intensive reading" - the careful reading of short, complex texts for detailed understanding and skills practice. It has since acquired many other names: Mikulecky (1990, cited in Day and Bamford, 1997) calls it "pleasure reading." Grabe (1991) and others use the term "sustained silent reading", while Mason and Krashen (in press) call it simply "free reading". According to Day & Bamford (1997), extensive reading is reading large amounts of text with the aim of getting an overall understanding of the material. In other words, learners read to get the meaning of the text rather than the meaning of individual words or sentences. Brown (2001:313) also explains that “extensive reading is carried out to achieve a general understanding of a usually somewhat longer text (book, long article, or essay, etc).” To sum up, the hierarchy of extensive reading is reading a longer text which is emphasized on overall meaning without a pressure but a pleasure. It means that the students can read the materials they want to read and stop when they feel lack of interest on them. It is easier for the student to comprehend the reading materials because they enjoy their experiences in reading. 2.2 Extensive Reading Course at the English Department, State University of Malang
The identification of “Extensive Reading” as one of the subject taught at the English Department, State University of Malang can be found in the catalog faculty of letter 2008. Extensive Reading aims at developing good reading habits, building up knowledge of vocabulary and structure, and encouraging a liking of reading. It basically requires the students to respond to what they have read...
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