The Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Church: Its Division and Beliefs

Topics: Pope, Catholic Church, Pope John Paul II Pages: 6 (1035 words) Published: June 12, 2013
Global Studies

The Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Church:
Its division and beliefs

The Church is the congregation and unity of God‘s people together in one whole body,

known as the Mystical body of Christ, because of the way devout followers of Christ,

come to experience Christ through the Sacraments, Clergy, and Litany. The Catechism of

the Church states that the Pope, Bishop of Rome and Peter’s successor, is the perpetual

and visible source of the foundation of the unity of the bishops and all the faithful in one

whole company or unity.

Pope Clement V, when elected as Pope. He had decided rather than moving to Rome,

Clement V lived in Avignon, a small town in France, and after his death many other

Popes to come still continued to live and continue their papacy there in Avignon, in

France, instead of the original home of all Peter’s descendants, in Rome. By the time

when Poe Gregory XI came into position as the Pope. Pope Gregory XI moved the papacy

from France back to Rome in 1377. Later on that year, Pope Gregory’s death, cause the

cardinals to create a conclave to elect a new Pope, but as the election ended the cardinals

had elected an Italian cardinal, who would become the new Pope, and he took the name

of Urban VI. Pope Urban VI’s reforms were not welcomed by the other cardinals, they

claimed that they had been forced by the Roman mob to vote for the Italian Pope, and that

Urban VI, therefore wasn’t the true Pope. The cardinals held another conclave just

months after Urban VI’s election, and as a result the new Pope was the nephew of the

French king, and this man took the name of Clement VII, but Clement VII wasn’t the true

Pope, but an antipope, because Urban VI, still held his position as Pope. Clement VII,

unable to take control of the papacy in Rome, Clement VII was recognized as Pope by the

King of France, So Clement VII returned to Avignon in France, and established his own

papal court, while Pope Urban VI, still in Rome, would not step down for his position as

Pope. As time went on, Clement VII and Urban VI died, and the competing group of

cardinals elected new popes, and each one claming to be the real pope, this time period in

the Church is know as the Great Schism of the West.

Up until the tenth century, while the Great Schism continued; all of those who followed

Jesus Christ in the Church shared the same creed, canon of Scripture, the same respect for

the teachings of the Church councils and Sacraments, and most important of all, they all

followed the same moral code and unity under the same Pope. But cultural and political

differences continued to arise between the east and western parts of the Roman Empire.

In 1054, a split or schism, took place in Catholicism, separating the Church in the eastern

and western parts of the Roman Empire. Due to this schism there were three popes

claiming to be the real Pope, until a general council of the Church met from 1414 to1418

in the city of Constance, Switzerland. This council had decided to set aside all three rival

popes, and finally in 1417 a new pope was elected, Pope Martin V, who was accepted by

the Western Church. It took almost forty years, for the Great Schism of the West to be

finally terminated, but the power of the papacy had been weakened, and the leadership of

the Pope would no longer be important to many civil leaders. So the Church in the

Western part of the empire grew into what we now know as the Roman Catholic Church,

which is still remaining under the leadership of the Pope, and the Eastern part of the

empire became the Eastern Church, now known as the Eastern Orthodox Church.

The Eastern Churches that chose to remain in union with or were later reunited with the

Roman Catholic Pope and Bishops would be called the Eastern Churches. They are called...
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