Amalia Lestari 10211144032/3H
ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE STUDY PROGRAM
FACULTY OF LANGUAGE AND ART
YOGYAKARTA STATE UNIVERSITY
Romantic period was begun from 1798 to 1832 or it lasts about 34 years. It was also divided into three reigns which the first reign was led by George III, the second reign was led by George IV, and the last reign was led by William IV. People argue that Romantic Period started from French Revolution to Reform Act; therefore, it also titles Age Revolutions. After the revolution that happened in America and France, English people hoped for change and revolution in England. Throughout Romantic period, there were many inventions and changes in some aspects of English people’s life. The changes occurred in society, such as transforming rather industrial than agricultural. Many inventions were found: the steam engine, spinning jenny, the power loom, and so on. The establishment of factory system also marked the development of economic system. People from countryside massively moved to city to get better life because they were poor as an impact from industrial England. Actually, the changes that were made were slow, and many people were suffering since the changes of social and economic condition brought its problems: many people were unemployed, war between social classes at home grew, and the worst example was the Peterloo massacre of 1819 when government soldiers attacked a large group of protesters. It killed eleven people and injured about four hundred. Great development also happened in intellectual life and literature. Particularly in literature, Romantic writing is mostly poetry. For the changes occurred in almost all aspects of life, the literature fields also were expected to transform especially by Wordsworth and Coleridge. They wanted to contrast the poetic language and theme with the Augustan Age. When Augustans thought that feelings and imagination were dangerous, Romantics thought that reason and intellect, as Augustans was concerned, were dangerous. They were very opposite each other. Because there was change in romantic literature, the writer tries to explain more about it, so observing the literature in Romantic period will be the main focus of this paper as it was different from the previous age, Augustans Age. By knowing the romantic literature, it is easier to understand one of all literature’s situations in England. Thus, this paper is titled “The Early Romantic Era: One of the Second Greatest Era in English Literature.
a.Great figures of the early Romantic period
b.The spirit of Romanticism in English Literature: the characteristics. c.Romantic and Augustan: Comparison and Contrast.
A.Great figures of the early Romantic period
During this period, many poets tried to spread their wings and involved in literature. As changes happened in many aspects of life, the literature also transformed to be more imaginative, emotional, and individual. Some poets had published their works and became widely known. In early period, there are William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and William Blake who were famous among other poets. 1.William Wordsworth
He was the one who wanted a change in literature fields with his friend, Coleridge. He was born on 7 April 1770 in Cockermouth, Cumberland, in the Lake District. His father was an attorney, John Wordsworth, and his mother was died when he was eight, many years later his father also passed away. He had a sister, Dorothy who was an important person after being an orphan, and due to some problems, he had to separate with her. In 1787, he entered Cambridge University; however, he was not much interested in his study. There, he published his debut, a sonnet, in The European Magazine. Later in 1795, he eventually met...