The Displacement Reaction

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The Displacement Reactions

Purpose: to see how displacement reaction works with different chemicals and what chemical has more reactivity series then other

Hypothesis:
Iron + Copper Sulfate: Iron will displace copper because it is more reactive and it is going to end up as Iron Sulphide + Copper Copper + Silver Nitrate: Copper will displace Silver because it is more reactive and it is going to end up as Copper Nitride + Magnesium + Copper oxide: Magnesium will displace Copper because it is more reactive. Aluminum + Iron Oxide: Aluminum will displace Iron because it is more reactive. Zinc + Hydrochloric acid: Zinc will replace Hydrogen because it is more reactive. Copper + Hydrochloric Acid: Copper will not displace Hydrogen because copper is more reactive. Magnesium + Hydrochloric acid: Magnesium will displace Hydrogen because it is more reactive and end up as Magnesium Chloride + Hydrogen. Sodium + Hydrochloric acid: Sodium will displace Hydrogen because it is more reactive and end up as Sodium Chloride + Hydrogen.

Apparatus: Test Tube, Goggles, Iron nail, Copper Wire, Silver Nitrate, Hydrochloric Acid, Magnet, Zinc, Magnesium, Sodium, Aluminum

Procedure:
Iron + Copper Sulfate: Obtain a test tube and fill it with Copper Sulfate till its half full. place iron nail in the test tube carefully and wait for 10 minutes Copper + Silver Nitrate: Obtain a test tube place the copper wire inside it carefully then put Silver Nitrate till it is half way filled. Wait for 10 minutes and observe what happens Magnesium + Copper oxide: Obtain a small beaker put some magnesium and copper in the beaker then carefully turn on the heating stand. Then place the beaker under the heating stand make sure to stand away from it and record observation frequently. Aluminum + Iron Oxide: make a mixture of Aluminum and iron oxide. Obtain a 200 ml beaker and place the mixture inside it. Carefully place the Iron nail in the beaker. Turn on the heating stand and heat the Iron. Move away from it and observe what happens. Zinc + Hydrochloric acid: Obtain a test tube and fill it with Hydrochloric acid till its half way filled. Place a thin sheet of Zinc in the test tube and observe what happens. Copper + Hydrochloric Acid: Obtain a test tube and fill it with Hydrochloric acid till its half way filled. Then carefully place a piece of Copper in the test tube and observe what happens Magnesium + Hydrochloric acid: Obtain a test tube and fill it with Hydrochloric acid till its half way filled. Then carefully put a piece of Magnesium in the test tube and observe what happens Sodium + Hydrochloric acid: Obtain a test tube and fill it with Hydrochloric acid till its half way filled. Then carefully put a piece of sodium in the test tube and observe what happens.

Observation

Table A

|NAME |BEFORE EXPERIMENT |DURING THE EXPERIMENT |AFTER THE EXPERIMENT | |Zinc + Hydrochloric acid: |Zinc: colour- gray |Started to bubble up and hydrogen |Piece of Zinc was left behind but it looked | | |feels like rough rock |gas rise up |like smooth piece of rock now. Hydrogen gas | | |hydrochloric acid: colour- dark blue| |came out of the test tube when we opened it | |Copper + Hydrochloric acid |Copper: Shiny dark yellowish colour |The Copper slowly went to the |The copper got shinier and the dark blue | | |Hydrochloric acid: Dark blue colour |bottom and as it went down the |hydrochloric acid change to transparent | | | |blue colour changed to aqua with a| | |...
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