The Differences Between the Army and National Guard

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“We sleep safely at night because rough men stand ready to visit violence on those who would harm us.” Winston S. Churchill. The primary mission of the Army is to fight and win our Nation’s wars by providing prompt, sustained land dominance across the full range of military operations and spectrum of conflict in support of combatant commanders. There are five branches of the military, but there are two branches that are always up for debate on which to join. Active Army and National Guard have many differences, such as deployment rates, retirement, and command; however, they are similar in training, rank, and pay. The Army, Navy and Marine Corps were established in 1775 in concurrence with the American Revolution. The war department was established in 1789 and was the precursor to what is now the Department of Defense (DOD). One year later, in 1790 the Coast Guard was established. This was followed by the founding the department of the Navy in 1798. The National Guard as a state funded militia under various names was founded in 1636-1903, as Federal Reserve’s forces called the National Guard 1903 to the present. The Army National guard serves both the state and federal government. The governor of the state where the Army National guard unit is based serves as the commander in chief over all the guard units within that state. The governor can activate their National Guard units in cases of state emergencies. The National Guard is also a reserve component of the U.S. Army and can be activated to defend the nation by the president of the United States. The president is the commander in chief of active duty Army. Active Army is not permitted to intervene with state affairs unless given executive orders by the president. Also the Army and National Guard soldiers fall under the same rank structures: from private to general. Governors have authority over National Guard units in their state, but not over active units or posts. The president has full authority over...
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