The Paleolithic civilization was the early period of human history from 2,500,000 through 10,000 B.C. During this time humans were hunters and gatherers. At the end of the last ice age around 10,000 B.C. the Neolithic civilizations began to emerge. These humans developed to crop growers and domesticated animals for steady food sources. This essay will explain the differences between the civilizations in regards to their lifestyle and economics.
Humans during the Paleolithic times were nomadic and moved depending on the plants and animals. They lived in wood or bone simple structures covered in animal hides or caves. It is suspected that they live in small groups or bands of 20 to 30 people. Work was done by both men and women, which was mainly finding food. The men hunted animals which took them away from the camp. Women usually had to stay close to the camp to raise children and were responsible for gathering food such as berries nuts and grains. Paleolithic humans did not produce or store large quantities of food due to the work required to gather food.
Some of the earliest works of art were produced by Paleolithic civilizations in the form of cave paintings. Religious behaviors such as burial were practiced by humans during the Paleolithic period also. It is argued by scientist that equality existed between men and women of the groups in which they lived. Due to living in small bands or groups no social structure or management was needed.
With the emergence of the Neolithic period things changed dramatically. The biggest change was the planting of crops and domestication of animals. Plants were planted depending on the location. Crops from the different areas included wheat, barley, lentils, rice, millet, yams, beans, potatoes, and corn. With the domestication of animals there was a steady source of meat, milk, and animals’ skin and...