The Development Process of Government Policies

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Introduction

The development process of government policies is where everything begins. This is the start of ideas on how to manage situations and also to change them. Ideas can come from such as:

* the public
* the media
* the public services
* politicians
* experts

Here I am going to show you a diagram on the Different types of development process of the Government. Judicial committee

First Reading Second Reading Committee Stage Standing Committee Committee of the whole house

Select committee Report stage Third reading

House of Lords Royal Assent

First Reading

The major debate on the general principles of the bill.
After all the preparatory work the Bill that is presented to Parliament for its first reading is not a ‘rough draft’. It is a refined version, the one that the government wants to have passed by Parliament. This is the reason why in many cases relatively few policy changes are made as a result of the discussions in Parliament. Government Bills can be introduced in either the House of Commons or the House of Lords. Most controversial Bills, and all those concerned with finance, start their life in the Commons. This account of the legislative procedure assumes a Bill has been introduced in the Commons. The process of introducing a Bill to Parliament is known as its first reading. It is in fact a purely formal introduction, without discussion, after which the Bill is printed. The Bill is then ready to proceed to its second reading.

Second Reading

the major debate on the general principles of the bill
The second reading debate is a general and wide-ranging discussion of the principles and scope of the Bill. Usually the debate lasts for one day - about six hours in practice - though MPs sometimes debate complex and controversial measures for two or three days. Ministers and their Opposition counterparts make the opening and closing speeches. The rest of the debate consists of speeches by backbench MPs from each side of the House. MPs with a special interest in the subject contribute, as do MPs whose constituencies are affected by the Bill. If the Bill is at all controversial, the debate concludes with a Division, or vote. It is very rare for a Government Bill to be defeated at second reading. As the Bill represents government policy, the government’s MPs can virtually always be relied on to support it. The Bill must then proceed to the Committee Stage.

Third reading - This provides a final opportunity to comment on the amended bill

This is a final debate on the overall content of the amended Bill. It is often very short and frequently held immediately after the report stage. After its third reading the Bill automatically moves on to The House of Lords. The House of Lords

In the House of Lords, discussion proceeds on broadly similar lines. A formal first reading is followed by a major general debate at second reading. Then come detailed discussions with amendments at the committee and report stages, followed by a concluding debate at the third reading.

But there are a number of important procedural differences between the two Houses. For example the committee stage in the Lords almost always takes place on the floor of the House, not in a standing committee, so any Peer may speak or suggest amendments. If a Bill passes through the House of Lords unchanged, it is immediately submitted for Royal Assent. But, if any amendments have been made, the Bill returns to the Commons, which then debates each Lords amendment. The Commons can accept the amendment, replace...
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