Research Paper: The Development Of the Light Sussex Chicken Egg Introduction
The development of a chicken egg is similar to that of a human embryo. The growth of the embryo is a complex process with a multitude of stages with a short growth period of 21 days. Embryonic development is vital to the overall development of the chicken. The Chicken
The chicken or the Gallus gallus domesticus is a domesticated fowl and a subspecies of the Red Jungle Fowl. The chicken is one of the most widespread and most common domestic animals. Chickens were first domesticated in India for their use of cockfighting in Africa, Asia, and Europe. Chickens are mostly used as a source of food by the consumption of their eggs and their meat. Chicken themselves are omnivores, surviving on seeds, insects, and sometimes large animals like lizards and mice. Chickens can live for five to ten years but this depends on the breed. A male chicken is called a rooster while the female is commonly called the hen. The rooster or male chickens differentiate from the hen/ female chicken by their pointed feathers on their necks and are also brighter in color than that of the hen. Breed: Sussex
The Sussex chicken is a breed with very little purpose. The chicken originated in England around AD 43 for the use as a house pet. The chicken itself is found in a multitude of colors ranging from red to silver. This breed of chicken is thought to be graceful with a long prominent back and a rectangular shape. The tail of the chicken stands at a 45° angle from the chicken’s body. The Sussex’s eye color varies based on the color of feathers the chicken has. In darker varieties the eyes of the chicken are red. In the lighter varieties the eye color is usually orange. These chickens also have a single medium sized comb. Most roosters weigh around 9 lbs., while the hens weigh about 7 lbs. The Light Sussex: Description
The Light Sussex is a chicken that is a species within the Sussex breed. The Light Sussex is a chicken with a white body and a black tail with black wing tips. The neck of the Sussex is white with black striped throughout. These characteristics make the chicken have a very striking appearance. For the chicken’s caretaker they must be very careful to keep the chicken out of strong sunlight because with strong sunlight the chicken’s color will fade. The Light Sussex: Characteristics
The Light Sussex is a bird with few purposes. Unlike other breeds of chicken, this bird is not used for egg production or meat consumption. This chicken is more of a prize-winning bird because of their broadness. These birds are also used as backyard birds, or pets because of their unaggressive nature. The Light Sussex is a friendly breed if bred without an aggressive gene. These birds are also good foragers and can be easily handled. They have a very curious nature and often follow their caretakers. The bird is adaptable to its surroundings and often tries to camouflage itself to hide from predators. Egg Fertilization
A chicken always starts from an egg and this egg must be fertilized to grow into a chicken. A hen, which is the egg layer, will lay hundreds of eggs weekly whether the eggs are fertilized or not. The unfertilized eggs will look exactly the same as a fertilized egg but these eggs cannot develop chicks and hatch. The unfertilized eggs are the ones found on the shelf of the grocery store. Fertilization of an egg begins with the hen’s reproductive system, which is made up of an ovary and an oviduct. Roosters or the male chicken’s reproductive system contains testes not unlike those of other male mammals. During mating, which is an affair that lasts thirty seconds, the sperm then leaves the male through the cloaca, which is an opening on the rooster. The sperm then enters the hen through the reproductive tract more specifically the oviduct. The sperm then continues down the reproductive organs of the hen, which takes a week or more to reach...