The Declaration of Independence

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This document was created when the American colonist decided to declare their independence from England. A committee of delegates selected from each colony was appointed to write the declaration at the Second Continental Congress. These men consisted of John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Robert Livingston, and Roger Sherman.

The Declaration consists of three sections, the first was, “The Preamble”. The Preamble was discusses why the Continental Congress made up the Declaration, how we must break the ties with England and how we should become independent. They wanted this document to be known worldwide. The second section was known as, “A Declaration of Rights”. The Declaration of Rights stated the principle that all men are created equal, how we are endowed to our creator, that we are to live life, have liberty and with the pursuit of happiness. To strive for the good of all people, in all this how we have the right to alter our government if it fails us. How our new government receives its power through the people, and agreement with each other. The third section consisted of “A Bill of Indictment”. There were twenty-seven ways of how the king of England had deprived America of our liberty. Those twenty-seven reasons were how the king refused to agree to laws, which would benefit the public good. All the laws passed for the colonial legislatures had to be approved by King George, which he had rejected many of the laws because they were harmful to England and its empire. How the American Governors were not allowed to approve of any new laws in the colonies that did not have any clause to suspend its operation, unless the king approved the law. This could take years for the laws to be approved or rejected. The king and his royal government failed to change the boundaries of all legislative districts for the people in new settled areas could be represented in the legislatures and then how they would meet the members of the new colonial assembly’s at the most inconvenient places, which placed hardships on the people of the colonies. They also would dismiss the colonial assemblies because of they had disobeyed their orders or expressed their opinions regarding the laws, and after dissolving the colonial legislatures, the Royal Governor’s would take their time before allowing new assemblies to be elected. In 1763 King George claimed all western lands and had rejected most citizenship laws preventing any new immigrants to settle in the undeveloped lands in the west, he also raised the price for purchase of western lands. In North Carolina the legislators passed a law to set up a court system, but Britain objected to this clause and as result, the colonies didn’t have a court system for years. When they did have judges the Royal government said the judges could serve as long as the king was happy with them and that their pay should come from the king. The colonist felt that the judges should only serve if they were competent and honest and the colonist wanted to pay the judges salaries. In 1767 England passed the “Townshend Act”. This Act taxed products that were imported to the colonies. They also set up agencies to enforce this new Act and had appointed tax commissioners and hired agents to help them collect the taxes. When the French and Indian War broke out in North America, the British sent troops to help fight the French and after the war was over, the British troops remained in the colonies. The British also made changes to the civil government in Massachusetts, and then made General Thomas Gage the new commander of Britain’s military in America. In 1766 Britain passed the “Declaratory Act”, this Act stated that the king and his parliament had the authority to make laws for all colonies. These Acts stated that the colonies would provide housing and supplies to all British troops that were stationed in America. Later in 1774 the “Impartial Administration of Justice Act was passed by Britain, in other words...
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