Overview In the previous modules, you were already introduced to different art elements and design principles as manifested from different Philippine arts – from simple basket and mat weaving of different indigenous and cultural communities to the highly sophisticated textile weaving from Northern to Southern Philippines. You are also familiar with the Angono petroglyphs, the Laguna copperplate inscriptions,. In this module, you will understand how Philippine sculpture evolved from its simplest form as manifested in clay potteries of Maitum, the Manunggul jar, the bul-ol, and the pre-historic Angono cave art to the highlyChristianized period of Chinese artisans in Manila and the Paete woodcarvers in Laguna and the westerninspired, modern era of sculptors Napoleon Abueva, Guillermo Tolentino, Ed Castrillo, and Jun Yee among others. You will also experience how to create your own sculpture and make an assemblage from available and seemingly useless trash and discards. Monument of San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila - the first Filipino saint, seen in Binondo Plaza, Manila. 155
At the end of this module, you are expected to: understand that sculpture was already a form of art since prehistoric Philippines. review the evolution of sculpture in the different parts of the Phil. analyze the unique forms, materials, colors, and uses of sculpture in the Philippine culture. identify unique crafts from different parts of the country record steps and procedures in making unique sculpture from the locality interview local craftsmen in the community create an assemblage from trash and discards make a sculpture using available materials (e.g. soap, wood, and clay), and identify the unique style and materials used by Filipino sculptors found in the locality.
Bas relief refers to a form of sculpture carved from a block of wood or stone which can either be highly delineated (high relief) or only slightly Protruding or delineated (low relief). Cosmology refers to the belief system of a particular culture regarding divinity and their role in the life of a community or person.
In this module, you will apply your knowledge and understanding in the use of various art elements and principles of design in three-dimensional form. You will also understand the message and meaning created by art elements and designs when combined in a particular work by a sculptor.
You may need to have the following in your school or community : clay soft wood or its substitute chisel or any substitute wooden hammer spray paints or regular paint. Junk material (trash and discards) saw and other cutting instruments plywood adhesive materials hooks soldering iron lead wire metal wires pliers carving knife fruits and vegetables
ART LEARNING GUIDE
These are some of the early forms of sculpture in the Philippines. Can you name them? 157
ART LEARNING GUIDE
Can you identify these early forms of sculpture? Where are they found? 158
MODULE 7 OE 6
GRADE GRADE 7 7
ART LEARNING GUIDE ART LEARNING GUIDE
Sculpture played an important role in the lives of the early Filipinos. It is evident with the appearance of a low relief engraving of human and animal figures seen in a cave in Angono, Rizal (3000 BCE) which is believed to be the oldest known art work in the Philippines and a highly significant cultural landmark in the country. It is the early attempt of the Filipinos to draw and record things around him. It is said that the turtles or pawikan shown in the rock arts of the early Filipinos symbolized honor and prestige as defined in the Vocabulario de la lengua tagala written by Father Pedro de San Buenaventura with the help of Filipino printers – Tomas Pinpin and Domingo Loag. In a burial site in Calatagan, Batangas, archaeological diggings recovered a stone figure made from brain corals called...