The Course of the Haitian Revolution
French Revolution. French National Assembly issued ‘Declaration of Rights of Man’. The keywords of the French revolution- ‘Liberty, Equality and Fraternity’ soon spread to the French Colonies. 1790:
The National Assembly granted the West Indian assemblies to make their own laws. The mulattoes feared the whites would make more racist laws. There was an unsuccessful mulattoe revolt against the whites. This revolt was led by Vincent Ogé and Chavannes. 1791:
The National Assembly gave coloureds the right to vote. Whites protested against this and did not want to put the law in effect in their colonies. Mulattoes in desperation tried to build armies. They even armed the slaves. The slaves did not fight for the planters or mulattoe, but for themselves. There was a slave revolt led by Boukeman and Jean Baptiste. This revolt was for blacks against coloureds and whites. 1792:
The arrival of a revolutionary force with its leader Sonthonax. 1793:
Sonthonax declared emancipation of slaves, due to the refusals of the mulattoes and whites on terms. British landed on St. Domingue, with an army under General Maitland. 1794:
British took over St. Domingue southern providence.
Toussaint deserted Spanish army in Santo Domingo.
Toussaint joined with Sonthonax’s forces.
Toussaint had risen to be commander of the united French revolutionary and black army.(1797) Sonthonax and his soldiers leave St. Domingue. (1798)
Toussaint army completed the defeat of the British Army (along with the help of United States, who gave supplies.). General Maitland agreed to withdraw. (1798)
Riguad and Alexander Pétion (both were mulattoes) did not like ex-slaves. They tried to start their own coloured republic. Toussaint did not stand for this and sent his two generals Dessalines and Christophe and crush the move to divide St. Domingue. The two generals...
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