The Romanticism was a literary movement that developed mainly throughout the influences of the philosophy of Locke and the causes and consequences of revolutionary spirit of the French revolution. Wordsworth was brought up reading the Augustan´s metric poetry and the neoclassicist’s descriptive complex language which fully expressed the ideas of reasoning over sentiments. Influenced and inspired by the changing ideological atmosphere of the late XVIII and the first third of the XIX century, Wordsworth found his own poetic voice distancing from artificiality of the authors from the past, and writing with sentiment when describing the emotions awakened by the images of nature. He considered Nature as an intelligent, meaningful power of the external world who teaches moral truth and influences the human being’s character. Thus, his poems reflected this twirling relationship between nature and men. Nature's dominant forces are depicted throughout vivid images expressed in an unsophisticated language; simple words that are timely related to provoke mental association processes that could stimulate moral and spiritual growth. Therefore, the cyclical link that connects Nature,” considered as a being with a soul and its purposes, with the human soul and its purposes” (from notes on Wordsworth’s poetic theory) was fully expressed on his work. And as a masterpiece, the publication of the “Lyrical Ballads”(written by Wordsworth and Coleridge) were a clear exponent of romantic ideology of that time, so far to become “ one of the most transcendental and revolutionary books in the history of the English literature, and the symbol of the beginning of the Romanticism in England” (Baladas Liricas de Corugedo y Chamosa)
Lyrical Ballads includes many poems of both authors, Wordsworth and Coleridge. “Intimations Of Immortality From Recollections Of Early Childhood” is the one I’ve chosen to trace the elements of XIX Romanticism in its lines. “Intimations Of Immortality From Recollections Of Early Childhood” There was a time when meadow, grove, and stream,
The earth, and every common sight,
To me did seem
Apparelled in celestial light,
The glory and the freshness of a dream.
It is not now as it hath been of yore;--
Turn wheresoe'er I may,
By night or day,
The things which I have seen I now can see no more.
In this first stanza, there are plenty of images evoking nature because of it was the topic that Romantics of this period wrote as a hint of their philosophy that enlightened the wisdom of living and being close to nature. It is a call to go back to nature, to the simplicity of life due to the industrialization period that had already begun in the England of the last decade of the XVIII century. In the last line, the writer expressed freely his sentiment of despair for the capacities that he used to have and had lost when growing up
The Rainbow comes and goes,
And lovely is the Rose,
The Moon doth with delight
Look round her when the heavens are bare,
Waters on a starry night
Are beautiful and fair;
The sunshine is a glorious birth;
But yet I know, where'er I go,
That there hath past away a glory from the earth.
In this second stanza, he recurs developing the feeling of sadness felt because of the loss for the close contact with nature, through the images of simple elements of nature, such as the rainbow, the moon, the rose, the sunshine.
Now, while the birds thus sing a joyous song,
And while the young lambs bound
As to the tabor's sound,
To me alone there came a thought of grief:
A timely utterance gave that thought relief,
And I again am strong:
The cataracts blow their trumpets from the steep;
No more shall grief of mine the season wrong;
I hear the Echoes through the mountains throng,
The Winds come to me from the fields of sleep,
And all the earth is gay;
Land and sea
Give themselves up to jollity,
And with the heart of May
Doth every Beast keep...
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