The Blues is a musical form and genre, which originated in South America within the African-American communities. It originated near the end of the 19th century, and was rooted from spirituals, work songs, field hollers (which are very similar to work songs, but some do not have lyrics), shouts and rhymes. The blues form in jazz, rhythm and blues and rock and roll; and each is characterised by a specific chord progression, the most common being the twelve bar blues. The blues notes, are played or sung flat or gradually bent (minor 3rd to major 3rd) in relation to the pitch of the major scale. Though the blues genre is heavily based upon the blues scale (blues form), there are other characteristics that they need to possess such as a specific lyric pattern, bass line and the use of certain instruments.There are many different types of blues, some of the most common being the Delta, Piedmont, Jump and the Chicago blues styles. There are many other different types of blues, ranging from country, to urban blues, some being more popular than others during different periods of the 20th century. It was during World War II, when blues was listened to by a much wider audience and marked the transition from acoustic blues to electric blues.
Along with its Jazz counterpart, Blues is the only true American music form and has deep roots in American history, particularly African-American history. The blues originated on the Southern plantations in the 19th Century. Its inventors were slaves, ex-slaves and the descendants of slaves. During their back-breaking work in the fields of the Southern plantations, black slaves developed a way of singing to make the pain of their enslavement more bearable. This way of singing was known as ‘call and response’, and began when one man with a strong voice would start a song, which all of the other workers seemed to know and would have a response back to the call. These "field hollers" served as a basis of all blues music that was to...
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