The Bio-Centric Outlook/Attitude for the Repect for Nature: Aspects and Reactions to Environmental Issues Today

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There are many different aspects to Taylors Bio-Centric Outlook. Past environmental issues as well as present day issues affect them all. They all derive from Taylor’s book, “Respect for Nature”. All of the aspects of the Bio-Centric Outlook all interconnect and are dependent on each-other to reach the final conclusion of the Outlook itself. Taylor starts with the definition of Environmental Ethics. Then that definition moves into the principals and rules that people must follow in order to treat nature, This then is connected to Priority Principles and the aspects of that itself and how that is effected by having the attitude towards the respect for nature. Moving along the attitude for respect for nature is a direct correlation to the Bio-centric Outlook and its own aspects and then in environmental issues past and present the Bio-Centric Outlook sways a person one way or another according to the attitude towards the respect for nature. According to Taylor there is a set of facts that are generally accepted by a person who follows the basic guidelines of environmental ethics. Environmental Ethics is an explanation of how we, as humans, treat natural ecosystems. This then moves and directly connects to the set of facts that a person who follows the guidelines of Environmental Ethics accepts about nature. The first fact is that Taylor says that all living things are in the same boat together. This means that we are all in the same world together and thus we must treat it as so. The second fact is that all living things are interdependent, meaning that all living things are dependent upon each other. For example plants and trees provide oxygen, which humans breath, and humans produce carbon dioxide, which trees and plants take in. The third fact is that all living organisms are their own individuals and the all seek their own life. The forth fact, and most controversial, is that humans are not inherently superior to any other living things. Taylor, for this fact, sets up an argument against human superiority. He says that there are three examples in support of human superiority, the Ancient Greek era, Great Chain of Being, and Descartes. But he says that these are all from a human perspective only and thus are not valid for human superiority (Respect for Nature p. 99-100). The attitude for the respect of nature is derived from the previous facts stated in Taylors Bio-Centric Outlook. He states that if a person accepts the four facts previously stated then it makes a person intelligible and strongly supports the rules of environmental ethics in which is part of the attitude for the respect for nature. Taylor explains a set of four rules that a person must accept about environmental ethics. The first of these is Non-Malfeasance; this rule is that no person should harm any living thing. The second is Non-Interference; this says that a person should try to refrain from interfering with nature. For example, we should not interfere with a naturally caused forest fire because it will burn out the dead brush and thus help the forest. Another part of this rule is the aspect of Impartiality, which says that if you truly respect nature then you will not favor a certain species over another. The third rule is Fidelity; this says that a person should be faithful to nature and not try to trick anything in nature. The forth and final rule is the idea of Resistive Justice; this is a reestablishment of a balance if it has been upset. This rule is put into place in the case that if you were to violate any of the first three rules, then you should make that up by using this rule to reestablish a balance that has been upset by the violation. Taylor sets up an order of importance of these rules that go as follows; Non-Malfeasance, Resistive Justice, Fidelity, and finally Non-Interference. One aspect to these rules that is quite controversial, in my opinion, is that Taylor says that we, as humans, are the only living things that are subject to...
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